7-2019 Denali National Park, Alaska


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August 6th 2019
Published: August 7th 2019
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Denali National Park, Alaska



2019-7-24 Chuyen di Fairbanks va Barrow 7-24 to 31-2019

Toi da di Alaska 3 lan va lan cuoi cung la 5-2019. Lan nay 7-2019 toi lai di nua va lan nay toi di land trip thay vi di bang Cruise nhu may lan truoc. Muc dich cua lan di nay la toi muon di den vung Top of the World la Barrow boi vi vung nay cao nhat the gioi, mot community o vi the cao nhat the gioi cao hon ca Iceland va nam tren Arctic Circle.

Toi dat may bay di tu Fairbanks den Barrow ngay 7-29-19 va ve ngay 7-30-19 tuy nhien vi tinh co trung ngay le Kivgiq cua dan Eskimos duoc to chuc 3 nam mot lan nen toi tim khong co phong thue trong so 4 khach san o Barrow voi tong cong khoang 120 phong ma so nguoi tham du rat dong va ho dat phong 6 thang truoc. Toi co tim phong tu nha dan cho thue cung khong co. Toi dinh muon xe de ngu ngoai xe cung khong co. Toi hoi nha tho va city nho giup cung khong duoc , cuoi cung toi danh doi ngay di lai la ngay 7-27-19 thay vi 7-29-19 va gia phong cu tang len. Toi tiec la khong du duoc ngay le truyen thong cua dan Eskimos tu 7-28-2019 den 8-3-2019.

Kivgiq hay Messenger Feast la le duoc to chuc giua mua dong sau strong whale harvest. Le nay duoc dat ten tu ten cua 2 nguoi messengers ten la Kivgiq ngay xua di tu lang nay den lang khac cua lang Eskimo de moi dan lang den du le Kivgiq. Le nay bi ngung mot thoi gian khoang 70 nam cho den 1988 moi bat dau tro lai.

7-24-2019 Fairbanks

Fairbanks la thanh pho nam giua Anchorage va Deadhorse. Co 32,000 nguoi. La thanh pho lon sau Anchorage. Native American song lau doi o day. Day la noi de xem Northern light nhat. Vung nay nam duoi Arctic circle va cach Arctic circle khoang 5 tieng lai xe.

Toi bay den day luc 1Pm va den Fairbanks luc 10:55PM. Toi lai xe den khach san ma toi muon san o North Pole. Troi hay con sang mac dau khoang 12 khuya.



7-25-2019 Noth Pole

Co 2,200 nguoi song tai day. North Pole cach North Pole that su la 1,700 miles va nam duoi Arctic circle

Toi thuc day luc 4AM de di den Denali Park vi toi da dat ve tour o Park khoi hanh luc 8:45AM. Toi den Park luc 7:20AM som hon la toi nghi. Den 8:45AM toi va mot so dong du khach len xe bus cua Park de di tham Denali park. Vi park rong lon nen di den tan cuoi cung cua Park se mat 6hrs va di ve mat 6Hrs nhu vay toi se tro lai diem khoi hanh khiang 8:30Pm. Toi da chon chuyen di lau nhat 13hrs thay vi 10 hay 8hrs.



Denali la National Park cao 6km., 6 million Arces va bang New Jersey. Co 2 summits: the south va theNorth. Voi 5 large glaciers: Peters, Muldrow, Traleika, Ruth and Kahiltna. Co 5 loai thu o Denali la Moose, Bear, Dall’s sheep, reindeer, Wolf, Elk… Hang nam co khoang 400,000 visitors den day. Duong trong park dai 92km di mat 6 hrs. Co nhieu tours di tham Park ma tours dai nhat di mat 13 tieng di den tan cung Park. Du khach khong duoc lai xe trong Park ma lai toi da la 15km. Di sau vao Park phai di bnag xe bus cua Park.

Xe chay vao buoi sang voi hy vong co nhieu thu rung ra kiem an sau mot dem dai. Thinh thoang tu xa toi thay co moose la loai nai co xung lon. Toi thay co nhieu Caribou thinh thoang chay tren duong di. Den 2Pm toi den tan cung cua park vat hay phi truong nho tai day.

Bus tro ve diem khoi hanh va den noi luc 8:30PM.

Toi di den khach san tai Talkeetnaa du ngu. Toi muon khach san o day de sang hom sau di den Ship Creek xem salmon run de dang va gan hon vi Telkeetna nam o giua duong tu Denali Park den Anchorage va Ship Creek nam o Anchorage.



7-26-2017 Ship Creek

Ship Creek gan Anchorage la noi co nhieu ca salmon tu bien boi vao de de trung. Vao cuoi thang 5, 6 thi co Chinook salmon va cuoi thang 7 va thang 8 thi co coho salmon.

Sang nay toi thuc day di den Montana Creek cach Ship Creek khoang 10miles de xem salmon run. O day ca nhieu ca hoi boi tren mat nuoc va day la lan dau tien toi thay salmon run nen rat thich thu. Den 12PM toi len duong di den Ship Creek de xem salmon run nua vi toi nghi o day nhieu hon va co the co dap de ca nhay len. That vay o Ship Creek co rat nhieu du khach den xem Salmon run va toi thich thu va quyet dinh den day la dieu dung. Toi o day den 3Pm la tro ve Fairbanks de ngu de sang hom sau ra phi truong di Barrow luc 3Am va bay luc 6AM. Toi nghi mat 6 tieng de di va se den Fairbanks luc 9Pm nhung that su toi den luc 10:30PM.

7-27-2018 Pruhoe Bay, Barrow

Tren duong den Barrow may bay ghe qua Pruhoe Bay noi ma toi muon den de xem mo dau lon nhat Bac My. Mac dau o day ngung co 50 phut va nhan vien may bay khuyen hanh khach khong den Pruheo Bay nen o lai tren may bay, chi co nhung hanh khach den Pruhoe xuong ma thoi nhung toi yeu cau ho cho toi xuong va duoc chap nhan. Hanh khach den day va hanh khach len may bay tai day tat ca la nhan vien cac mo dau lam viec tai day va khong co mot du khach nao vi noi day khong la noi tham thang canh.

Toi xuong phi truong va den chup hinh tai Pruhoe Bay Hotel roi len may bay tro lai de di Barrow luc 9:55Am

Pruhoe Bay:

Nam 1968 Arco kham pha mo dau lon tay phia bac cua Alaska va Anchorage la Prudhoe Bay. Tai day co 2 mo dau o Prudhoe bay va Kuparuk river la 2 onshore, oil field tren dat lien lon nhat the gioi trong khi da so oil field cua the gioi la off shore oil fields o ngoai bien.



Mo dau o day tao nen su phon thinh cua Anchorage. Prudhoe Bay oil field la mo dau lon nhat nuoc My va ngay ca Bac My rong 213,000 acres, bat dau kham pha lay dau nam 1977 voi 1.5 trieu thung moi nam va hien gio la 280,000 thung dau moi nam trong khi nuoc san suat dau nhieu nhat Saudi Arabia san suat 3,000 trieu thung moi nam . Dau o day co tong cong la 25 ty thung cao hon mo dau o Texas lon thu nhi nuoc My. Prudhoe cach Anchorage 650miles ve phia Bac.

Trong vung North slope tu mat dat xuong khoang 2 ft o trong tinh trang permafrost nghia la bao gio cung o trong tinh trang dong lanh. Tinh trang nay tao nen nhieu ho o day va nuoc trong ho do tuyet chay ra vao mau he va khong the di dau duoc.

Dau duoc lay tu long dat cach mat dat khoang 5,000 den 20,000ft va do ap suat tu long dat dau nay duoc dua vao ham cho dau tho ma khong can may bom. Dau o Pruhoe Bay gom ca dat, nuoc va dau. Dat o phia duoi ke do la nuoc va sau cung dau nam tren cung vi nhe. Dau nay duoc loc ra bo dat va nuoc chi con lai la dau tho. Dau tho nay duoc dua vao Trans- Alaska Pipeline dai 800 miles noi lien tu Pruhoe den Valdez Bay gan Anchorage va co tong cong 12 Pump stations tren duong den Valdez Bay voi duong kinh la 48 inches hay 1.22m. Trans-Alaska Pipiline duoc xay tu nam 1974 den 1977 voi ton phi khoang 8 ty do la.. Dau tho lay tu long dat o Pruhoe Bay va duoc van chuyen den Valdez Bay de roi tu day cac tau cho dau tho nay den cac noi loc dau oil Refinery facility o Tay Hoa Ky de bien thanh xang de dung vao ky nghe hay xe co.

Tai sao phai mang dau tu Prohoe den Valdez de tau van chuyen di vao luc dia Hoa Ky ma tau khong van chuyen tu Pruhoe Bay ? Tai vi vung Prohoe Bay bang gia va tuyet dong thanh bang tren vung bien Pruhoe Bay vao 9 thang mua dong nen tau khong den duoc con o Valdez Bay thi tuong doi it lanh hon nen bien khong bi dong bang nen tau den duoc moi ngay de cho dau di. Dau o Pruhoe Bay duoc lay ra tu long dat moi ngay nen phai co Pipeline de van chuyen den Valdez va khong co the chua o Prohoe duoc vi vao mua dong troi lanh dau se bi dong da. Vi the Trans Alaska Pipeline duoc thanh hinh.

Trong khi lay dau tu long dat o Pruhoe Bay phan tren cua dau la cac khi dot nhu gas cooking. Nhung gas nay khong the van chuyen chung voi dau nen duoc de tro lai mo dau phia duoi de tao gas nay tao nen pressure ma dua dau len mat dat. Neu van chuyen di den Valdez thi phai lam them mot Pipeline khac va ton them 8 ty do la nua nen khong the thuc hien duoc. Hien tai co su nghien cuu de bien gas nay thanh chat long de dua vao pipeline de dan den Vadez. Trong khi cac mo dau khac o luc dia Hoa Ky nhu o Texas thi dau khi nay duoc van chuyen den Refinery facility de loc thanh Gas de dung trong nha nhu cooking va suoi am vi o day cac Refinery station gan cac mo dau. Ma so gas nay cung duoc dung suoi am dan o day. Neu thang du nguoi ta dot bo.

O Pruhoe Bay co phi truong Deadhorse va thanh pho Barrow la thanh pho cuc Bac nuoc My va dan o day la tho dan voi 905 la dan Eskomo sinh song. Phi truong o day chi de van chuyen cac cong nhan tu xa den day lam o cac mo dau va khong co du khach vi the khong co Phuong tien di chuyen ngay ca taxi. Gan phi truong la cac ho nuoc ma mua he dan o day lay nuoc tu ho nay de xai va vao mua dong nguoi ta phai dut lo de lay nuoc tu phia duoi de dung trong nha.



Muc dich chinh cua chuyen di nay la toi den Barrow la dinh cuoi cung cua the gioi. Barrow con duoc goi la Utqiagvik la Northernmost American city, thuoc ve Borough North Slope, rong 55km2 va cao chi 3m so voi mat bien. Co 4,200 nguoi song o day. La Northernmost public community of the world. Noi day la vung dat cua dan Inuit ma con duoc goi la dan Eskimos song tren 1,500 nam. Utqiavik co nghia la noi cho nhung nguoi hoang da song. Khoi dau la ten Barrow lay ra tu chu Point Barrow diem cao nhat the gioi nam gan city of Barrow. Lay ten nay de de doc. Den nam 2016 doi thanh Utqiagvik theo tieng Inuqiaq.

Nam 1988 Barrow duoc biet den nhieu vi co 3 con cai voi bi mac ket trong iceberg cuoi cung 2 con duoc cuu nho Icebreaker cua Nga.

Barrow cach North Pole 1,300miles. Dat o day tao thanh tu bang tuyet goi la Tundra day den 400m duoi long dat ma dat tao thanh tu Permafrost nghia la dat dong lang duoi 0 do trong thoi gian dai.

Sang hom nay luc 3Am toi thuc day de sua soan ra phi truong cho chuyen di quan trong nhat trong trip nay la di den Barrow mot thanh pho ma bao chi goi la Top of the world city. Chuyen bay khoi hanh luc 6AM. Toi khong muon tre chuyen bay nay. Toi hom qua toi di tu Anchorage den Fairbanks de hom nay di Barrow. Toi khoi hanh o Anchorage luc 3Pm va hy vong den Fairbank luc 9Pm vi GPS noi di khoang 5Hrs . Tuy nhien vi duong di chat hep khong di nhanh duoc nen toi den Fairbanks luc 10:30Pm va den 12Am toi moi ngu . Nhu vay toi ngu chi co 3 tieng nen hoi met.

May bay stop over Pruhoe luc 7:55AM sau khi ngung o Anchorage 1hr. So di may bay ngung o Pruhoe Bay la de mot so nguoi den Pruhoe bay lam viec tai cac mo dau va dong thoi pick up cac nhan vien lam viec tai day ve nha cua ho sau 2 tuan lam viec tai day. Nhan vien o cac hang dau chi o day lam viec 2 tuan roi ve nha vas au do 2 tuan sau tro lai lam viec tiec tuc va hay phien nhau nhu vay, Nhung nguoi trong chuyen bay di den Barrow tho o lai may bay.

Toi biet dieu nay nhung toi tim cach xuong may bay de biet duoc vang Prohoe Bay nay. May bay chi ngung o day 50 phut. Toi xin flight attendant va ho cho toi ra ngoai va toi phai check in tro lai voi security. Toi ra ngoai va nhin phi truong rat nho va toi co the noi la phi truong nay nho nhat trong cac phi truong ma toi da di qua vi noi day khong co du khach den ma chi co nhan vien cac hang dau den day lam viec. Toi voi va di ra ngoai de chup vai buc hinh lam ky niem. Toi dung truoc hotel duy nhat bo day la Pruhoe Bay Hotel va toi nghi rang rat hiem du khach nao ma ra ngoai duoc de chup hinh truoc Hotel nay nen tam hinh nay rat dac biet . Sau do toi tro lai phi ntruong de len may bay.

Toi di den Barrow luc 10:50AM. Phi truong nay tuong doi lon hon o Pruhoe Bay. Troi bat dau am u voi nhung hat mua nho. Toi den hotel ma toi da dat truoc la Airport Inn la mot trong so 4 hotel o day. Mac dau hotel khong dac biet gi khong sang trong gi nhung gia la $220 mot dem. Gia hotel va vat gia o day la nhu vay rat dac do vo mot hang hoa van chuyen den day dieu bang may bay.

Sau do toi muon taxi di $50/gio de di den cac noi ma toi muon di. Nguoi tai xe la nguoi Thai Lan. Cac dich vu taxi la do nguoi Thai Lan lam ngay ca Taxi disbatcher cung la nguoi Thai Lan. Cac tai xe Thai lan o day khoang 40 nguoi va mot so nho la nguoi Lao. Vi ngheo nen ho tha Phuong cau thuc. Ho cho toi biet la dan Eskimo o day luoi bieng khong muon di lam vi ho duoc huong tro cap cua chanh phu vi nguoi Eskimo la tho dan. Dam da trang den day lay dat la tao nen dat Hoa Ky nen dan da trang tro cap tien cho ho sinh song cho den chet vi the ma ho nguoi Eskimo khong thich lam viec. Dam Eskimo la dan den tu cac dao o Thai Binh Duong ca may ngan nam truoc. Dan Indian dan da do o luc dia Hoa ky la hau than cua dan Eskimo ma ra va dan da do cung duoc tro cap boi chanh phu Hoa Ky.

Tai xe taxi dua toi den Whale Bone Arch noi tieng tai day de chup hinh ky niem va toi thay tour bus cung den day. Ho charge $160 cho 4 tieng trip around thanh pho nho be nay ma du khach cung co the dib o duoc vi qua nho. Sau do toi di den Point Of Barrow la diem dac biet o day vi Point of Barrow la diem cuoi cung cua trai dat nen noi day Barrow duoc goi la Top of the world town. Town nay rat cu ky va moc mac ngheo nan. Nha cua ho de khong gon gan voi cac may moc xe cu, do dung cu ky truoc xan nha nhu mot Junk yard o dat lien. Nguoi tiep vien o khach san cho toi biet dan o day cung khong tu te lam. Anh ta den tu Nenada den day lam viec va o trong khach san nay. Anh ta phai mang sung khi di tren duong vi so Polar Bear tan cong.

Taxi dua toi den point Of barrow mat khoang 20;. Cho nay hoang vu ngoai bien khoi. Sau do toi tro lai khach san. Toi di taxi den Feritage Musem. O day taxi di dau cung may $6 vi thanh pho nay nho. Museum trung bay cac lich su va san cai voi o day. Tu day toi di qua supermarket de xem hanh hoa ban tai day gia ca the nao. Cqau tra loi la gia ban rat dac cao 3 lan so voi dat lien o My. Nhu chuoi ban $1.79/puomd trong khi dat lien ban $.50. Mot trai Apple ban $1 trong khi dat lien 4 trai for $1. Con thit thi khoang $10/pound.

Sau do toi tro ve va di den bo bien de xem Arctic Ocean.

Toi nay toi ngu som luc 10Pm vi rat met vi roi qua toi ngu it. Tuy nhien toi co gang thuc day luc 1Am de xem mat troi luc nua dem hay Midnight sun.



7-28-2019 Barrow

O Barrow chi co 4 khach san ma moi Hotel co khoang 30 phong nhu vay tong cong khach san o day chi co khoang 120 phong cho 120 du khach.

O day vao 3 nam 1 lan co ky hoi ten la Kivgiq. Kivgiq hay Messenger Feast la le duoc to chuc giua mua dong sau strong whale harvest. Le nay duoc dat ten tu ten cua 2 nguoi messengers ten la Kivgiq ngay xua di tu lang nay den lang Eskimo khac de moi dan lang den du le Kivgiq. Le nay bi ngung mot thoi gian khoang 70 nam cho den 1988 moi bat dau tro lai.

Barrow con duoc goi la Utqiagvok hay city of Utqiagvik duoc goi la the Northernmost American City thuoc tien bang Alaska va North slope Borough la city lon nhat la Utqiagvik hay Barrow. North Slope rong 245,521km2 gan bang VietNam. Tuy nhien voi dan so la 9,872 nguoi. North slope gom 7 cities ma Barrow la mot va city lon nhat. Mat do la 31 nguoi tren km2 ma 17% la da trang, .7 la da den, 68% la native Eskimos ma da so la Inuit, 5 % la A chau, .8% la dan cac dao Thai Binh Duong, 2% la Hispanic, 42% noi tieng Inupiaq hay Eskimo at home. Inuit la dan Eskimo thuong song o vung Bac Cuc o Arctic Cirle vung bag gia nhu Alaska, Greenland, Canada .

O Canada co 65,000 nguoi Eskimo, Demark co 16,000 , Greenland co 50,000 o Alsaka co 16,000. Da so theo thien Chua giao. Nguoi Eskimo o My va Canada noi tieng Anh. O Quebec noi tieng Phap va o Greenland noi tieng Dan Mach.

Ho la nhung nguoi san ban va chai luoi de bat ca va thu an thit. Ho an nhieu mo 75% cac thuc an vi troi lanh. Ho an thit polar bear, ca voi, seal, Arctic Fox. Khong an rao vi rao khong duoc o xu lanh.

Ho dung thuyen nho lam bang da thu goi la Qajaq de de noi tren nuoc. Sau nay nguoi Au Chau copy de lam thanh Kayak. Ho san thu song o bien nhu seal ca voi… vao mua dong bang cach tim cac breathing holes trong ice. Thu se den day de tho va ho cho o do de bat thu. Cho I day duoc dung de chuyen cho. Vao mua he cho co the chuyen cho khoang 20kgs vao mua dong cho dung de keo sled. Cho cung duoc dung de tim ra Beading holes cua seals hay Polar Bears.

Nguoi Eskimos dung da thu de lam y phuc. Dung xuong thu lam kim. Dung gan( tendon) thu lam chi. Ho thuong lam Parka la loai ao co hood lam bang da thu de mac ma sau nay nguoi Au Chau cung bat chuoc lam theo.

Vao mua dong cho duoc dung de keo xe ma xe duoc lam bang go , xuong thu, va mieng cua ca voi . Mang ca voi co the dai tu 1ft den 11 ft va nang 200lbs. Nguoi Eskimo dung sao tren troi de huong dan duong di.



Walrus Ivory duoc dung lam knife.

Vao mua dong nguoi Eskimo song trong leu lam bang snow goi la igloo va khi mua he den ho song trong leu lam bang da thu goi la tupig va duoc support boi xuong thu hay go.

Barrow la northernmost public community in the world va la northernmost city of United States. Con Northernmost city cua Canada la Murchison. Point Barrow cach North Pole la 1,291 miles la diem cao nhat cua dia cau cach Barrow airport 10miles



Toi thuc day luc 6Am va sau do di den Eskimo historic place canh bo bien. Nhieu loai chim dep. Noi do co nhung ngoi nha co cua nguoi Eskimo. Tu day toi di den Top of the world hotel roi tro lai super market va cuoi cung la Heritage Museum ma toi da den hom qua vi hom nay toi co nhieu thi gio hon de xem phan con lai. Toi muon xem nguoi Eskimo san cai voi the nao.

Ho san ca voi voi su chuan bi rat can than. Nguoi Eskimo song canh bo bien va song nho vao thit ca tu bien va thu tu dat lien theo truyen thong cua ong cha de lai. Ho song doc theo bo bien nen viec san ca voi la truyen thong trong doi song cua ho. Co 7 lang Eskimo nhung chi co Barrow la san duoc ca voi o 2 mua xuan va thu. Ho tin rang neu ho doi xu tot voi ca voi thi ca voi se doi xu tot voi ho bang cach mang nhieu ca voi khac cung cap cho ho mac dau ho san ban ca voi de an thit. Truoc het ho lam nen thuyen goi la Umiaq duoc lam bang da con seal bao phu khung go ben trong tao nen Umiaq rat vung chac va nhe co the chong lai song gio va nhe nhan khi keo tren tuyet.

Vao thang 2 ho mang thuyen len de thay the nhung cho go bi hu. Ho dung Seal oil de phu len go den go de dang noi tren mat bien. Nhung nguoi vo cua tho san ca voi lay da cua seal cat bo long va may cai manh da voi nhau roi phu qua cai khung go cua Umiaq. Sau do ho dem thuyen nay ra phoi den thang 5 thi da vua kho va thuyen nhe san sang su dung. KHi mua san ca voi bat dau nhung nguoi tho san sua soan cac dung cu san ban ca voi nhu mai nhon cai muoi nhon harpoon va sua soan bom no de giet ca voi. Vo thuyen truong cua doan san sua soan thuc an cho doan tho san.

Nguoi Eskimo tin tuong rang ca voi se tu hien minh cho tho san neu nhung nguoi tho san kinh trong ca voi bang cach doi xu tu te voi no bang cach giu gin sach se thit ca voi duoc dung trong cac ngay le nhu Thangsgiving hay Christmas. Nguoi Eskimo giu thit ca voi trong cai celler roi chon cai celler nay xuong Permafrost dat nhu la de dong lanh cho thit ca voi khong hu. Cac tho san cat bang tuyet de lam duong di ra bo bien hay ice edge noi ca voi ca the xuat hien. Tho san phai biet giong nuoc di huong nao. So phan nua tho san sua soan thuyen Uniaq va dung cu san ban con mot nua lam leu de than san thay phien san ban va tao cac tang da de che cai leu va thuyen de ca voi khong thay va de Uniaq san san keo di nhe nhang yen lang va nhanh chong de ca voi khong biet. Nguoi thuyen truong va vo co nhiem vu cung cap dung cu va thuc pham cho tho san va tho san co nhiem vu lang nghe loi thuyen truong.

Ca voi thuong xuat hien o Ice Edge va tho san thuong di san vao cuoi thang tu cho o ice edge 24 hrs moi ngay de cho doi. Doan tho san khoang 5 nguoi ngoi tren chiec uniaq cheo yen lang den khi gan ca voi nguoi harpooner ngoi truoc mui thuyen phong darting gun co mui nhon o dau vao dau ca voi kem theo floating device dong thoi ho ban them nhieu phat sung de giet ca voi nhanh chong. Neu ca voi khong chet lien ma loi di thi doan tho san duoi theo ban tiep. Nhu la su kinh trong ca voi doan tho san phai giu im lang khi thay ca voi bat dau chet nhu la kinh trong tinh than cua ca voi. Khi biet ca voi da chet doan tho san cau nguyen quanh ca voi va cam on ca voi da cong hien than xac cho tho san. Ke tiep thuyen keo ca voi vao bo. Thuyen may luc nay duoc dung de keo ca voi.

Barrow la noi ma ca voi xuat hien o 2 mua Xuan va mua Thu trong khi nhung noi khac ca voi chi xuat hien vao Thu hay mua Xuan ma thoi.

Sau do tho san va khoang 30 nguoi giup dung day lon keo ca voi den cho bang phang cua tuyet de lam thit. Neu ca voi lon qua thi ho lam thit tai bo bien. Truoc khi lam thit vo thuyen truong do nuoc mat vao mieng ca voi nhu la su chao don ca voi.Dong thoi carcass cua ca voi duoc tha lai bien nhu la de hon ca voi noi voi cac ca voi khac na ca voi nay duoc doi xu tu te de roi no khuyen khich cac ca voi khac tiep tuc hien dang than the no choi tho san.

Thit ca voi khong duoc ban ma de chia se cung cac dan Eskimo trong lang. Theo luat hien tai moi lang Eskimo chi duoc san 25 ca voi moi nam.

Den 5 gio toi ra phi truong de tro ve Fairbanks. Toi den Fairbanks luc 11:50Pm va tro ve khach san ngu o North Pole de sang hom sau di tour Arctic Circle

7-29-2019 Arctic Circle

Nhung dac tinh o Arctic Circle:

Tai Arctic circle thi mat troi duoc thay suot ngay 24hrs mot lan trong nam goi la midnight sun vao thang 6 goi la June Solstice va khong thay mat troi lien tuc 24hrs trong ngay mot lan trong nam vao thang 12 hay December duoc goi la December Solstice hay Noon Sun. Antarctic region thi nguoc lai. Arctic circle khong co dinh ma no di chuyen theo Axial Tilt va Arctic Circle di chuyen ve phia Bac 15m/year.





Nhung thu o Arctic circle trong do co con Arctic fox



Long cua arctic fox thay doi tuy theo mua. Tren nhat la long mua he, giua la mua xuan va duoi cung la mua dong. Arctic fox can di trung binh 29mikles moi ngay va co the len den 100miles mot ngay va no di mot doan duong dai 2,737 miles tu Norway den Greenland va cuoi cung den Canada. Cac nha nghien cuu de tracking device tren minh con Arctic Fox va biet duoc nhu vay. Arctic Fox an cac thu nho hon hay ca, trung ma no gap tren duong di. Trai lai no co the bi an boi Polar Bear va cho soi(Wolf).

Ngoai ra o Arctic thuong co Arctic megafires xay ra vao thang 6 va khi co fire, CO2 nha ra tu Fire voi so luong ky luc len den 50 ton gan bang luong CO2 thai ra toan nuoc Sweden trong mot nam. Arctic Megafire xay ra la do lightning strike va thinh thoang do su bat can cua con nguoi.



Arctic fire thuong xay ra o vung arctic Siberia o Nga. Khi Co2 o cac nuoc thuong duoc nha ra boi nha may va xe co.

Nhiet do o Fairbanks, Alaska hien gio 7-16-19 la 76F o Barrow la 54F, coldfoot la 60F, Anchorage la 57F, Little Saigon la 68F, El Golea, Algeria la 106F, Paris la 79F, Saigon la 76F, va Vostok, Antarctica la -76F. Nhiet do the gioi hien tai khoang 7 do cao hon cach day 100 nam ve truoc do Global warming do con nguoi tao ra do cac nha may tao ra chat Co2, xe chay thay ra Co2. Chat Co2 duoc hut boi cay xanh nhung con nguoi don cay xanh lam Co2 vao khong khi tao cho khong khi nong hon.

Nguoc lai cac loai chim o Arctic lam khi hau o Arctic lanh hon. Co may chuc loai chim o Arctic va ca trieu loai chim nay tang truong va hoat dong nhieu vao mau dong. Phan cua cac loai chim nay tao thanh khi NH3 hay Ammonia bay len tao thanh lan may bao phu kin anh sang mat troi lam khong khi lanh hon.

Vao mua dong lanh leo nhung thu va ca o bien hoat dong nhieu hon la vao mua he.

Co 7 quoc gia nam trong Arctic circle do la Hoa Ky, Norway, Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark va Canada. Rieng Norway co dao Svalbard nam xa Arctic Circle den 800 miles va la vung dat lien gan North Pole nhat noi do cac khoa hoc gia chon khoang 4000 hat giong cua da so ngu coc de de phong truong hop chien tranh hay thien tai tieu huy mua mang de nguoi ta lay nhung hat giong nay ra trong lai hay gay dung lai vi cac hat giong nay nam duoi long dat tuyet lanh quanh nam nen khong bi tieu huy. Cung chinh vi the ma nguoi o dao nay chet phai dem vao dat lien vung am ap de chon vi neu chon o day vi trung binh tat o nguoi chet van con song mai.

Mac dau la vung lanh gia nhung co 4 trieu nguoi song tai day trong so do co 170,000 nguoi la dan Eskimo, da ngam den nhu nguoi A Dong, song bang nghe san ban ca voi va thu mien Arctic nhu Polar Bear, walrus, seal…

Vung Arctic circle da so duoc bao phu boi bien goi la Arctic Ocean ma bien nay la bien nho nhat trong cac bien tren dia cau rong 5.5 square miles trong khi Thai Binh Duong rong 62.46 square mile va Dai Tay Duong rong 41.1 square miles.

Ve khi hau o Arctic Circle am hon o Antarctica hay o Bac Cuc am hon o Nam Cuc. Ly do la vi o Bac cuc duoc vay quanh boi bien va tren mat bien nay duoc phu bang mot lop tuyet day 1ft roi thi nuoc bien giu hoi am de roi lam khong khi o day am hon o Nam Cuc va nhiet do khoang 32F vao mua he ,con o Nam Cuc vi bao quamh boi nui va tuyet cao den 9,000ft roi thi vao mua he khi hau o do lanh khoang -18F

Fairbanks, Alaska cach Barrow 1,200km nhung o Fairbanks nhiet do hien tai la 68F, mat troi moc luc 4:09AM, lang luc 11:46Pm, 19 tieng daylight, trong khi o Barrow nhiet do la 49F, thap hon 21 do, va mat troi khong bao gio lang hay co 24hr mat troi. Con Saigon cach Hanoi 1,725km nhiet do Saigon 89F gan bang nhiet do Hanoi 91F va mat troi moc o Saigon luc 5:40AM va lang luc 6:20PM hay 12hrs30 co mat troi con Hanoi mat troi moc luc 5:26AM va lang gan giong nhu Saigon luc 6:40PM 13hr30 daylight. Saigon Hanoi mat dau khoang cach xa nhau hon o Fairbanks va Barrow nhung thoi tiet va ngay dai ngan khong thay doi nhieu nhu o Fairbank hay Barrow, Alaska vi Fairbanks va Barrow gan ACrtic circle con Saigon Hanoi thi gan xich dao. Ngay tai duong xich dao ngay dai ngan ngang nhau nghia la mat troi moc luc 6AM va lang dung 6PM.

Toi gap tour guide o Fairbanks luc 8AM va bat dau di den Arctic circle.

Tour guide cho toi biet rang dan Eskimo o Fairbanks cung it lam viec nhu o Barrow. Ho nhau nhet va hut a phien. Ho duoc cung cap tien tro cap cho nguoi Natives nen ho co tien va it lam viec. O Barrow co van de ve sewer line va ho phai tu di do human waste. O North Pole cach day vai nam co xay oil Refinery o North Pole nhung vi mismanagement nen lam anh huong den dan chung va da dong cua. Con Pump Station chi co Pump 7 cach Fairbanks khoang 40miles duoc mo cho dan chung xem ben ngoai. Con Trans Alaska Pipeline chi duoc xem o vung di Xem Arctic Circle va cach Fairbanks 5km. O phi truong Fairbanks co nhieu hang hang khong cargo trong do co China Cargo, va nhieu cargo cua nuoc khac. Theo tourguide thi Fairbanks nam tren duong tu Hoaky voi cac nuoc A chau nen ho ghe day de lay nhien lieu.

Duong di tu Fairbank den Arctic Circle co nhieu cay vi mua nhieu va cay nay cang ve bac cuc thi canh thap vi gio va lanh hon. Ve phia bac dat la Parmafrost nen nha duoc xay tren stil va stil nay duoc lam nen tru chon ha duoc chon sau vao long dat qua khoi lop Pamafrost sau khong 10ft den nha duoc vung.

Vao thang 9 la thang mating cua Moose do do Moose xuat hien nhieu tren duong va rung ram. Co 5 dai hoc University of Alaska tai Alaska la truong cong nhung hien tai bi cat giam nhieu. Noi xem Northern light tot ma khong can di tour la duong Balllaine Road before Goldstream Creek, noi co bai dau xe rong ben phai cua con duong. Vao thnag 11',12 la xem northern light tot nhat.

Dalton Highway duoc xay nam 1974 duoc dung de support Trans Alaska Pipeline khong duoc dung cho public cho den nam 1994, 20 nam sau khi duoc thanh lap. Hien tai duong nay dan chung co the dung de di chuyen nhung voi su than trong vi day la most isolated highway in US. Tren duong di khong co dich vu nhu xang hay cua hang do do du khach phai tu dong lo thuc an va mang theo xang du tru khi di.

Duong di den Dalton Highway rat tot va den Dalton highway tho duong bat dau co Gravel nhung tot hon la toi tuong. Duong di rat vang ve thinh thoang co nhung xe hang cho dung cu nhu pipes de lam nhung ong dan dau o Pruhoe Bay. Di den Pipeline information booth thi toi ngung lai vi tai day co quan an va cho di tieu dong thoi co Pipeline de xem va Information booth de du khach can giup do.

Sao do toi di thang den Arctic Circle sign sau 7 tieng lai xe. Noi day khong co gi dac biet ngoai tru mot khoang dat trong va co Arctic Sign nam o goc san nay. Toi chup hup ky niem va di den Arctic Circle Camp Ground . Sau do toi tro ve. Den station 7 cach Fairbank khoang 40miles toi dung lai de xem station nay ra lam sao. Day la station that lon hon toi tuong , co 2 bon chua dau thay lon. Toi nghi dau duoc bom vao cac noi tam chua nay roi sau do se chuyen di noi khac. Noi day cung co Pump de day dau di vi co suc ep cao. Neu co truong hop gi xay ra tuy theo o doan duong nao thu Pump gan do bi chan lai va dau khong qua duoc de chuyen vien bat dau sua chua. Theo nguoi tour guide thi trong qua khu nhieu lan pipe line nay bi tan cong. Con viec tai sao ho de du khach den gan Pipeline ma khong so terrorist sao? Tai xe nghi rang Terrorist kho tan cong Alaska vi ho se khong co duong rut lui boi vi da so ai cung biet ai va Alaska bao vay boi bien nen kho tron thoat.

Khiu gan den Fairbanks toi ghe qua noi co trung bai Pipeline de cho du khach xem cach Fairbanks khoang 3miles.

Vi troi con som khi den Fairbank nen toi di den North Pole City noi ma toi muon khach san o. Noi day co Santa Claus house ma city dung nen vi thang pho nay ten la North Pole mac dau chua hang an North Pole that su nhat.

7-30-2019 Fairbanks

Toi danh hom nay de di cac noi ma toi muon di o Fairbank mac dau toi den day tu ngay dau tien nhung toi chua co dip de di xem thanh pho nay.

Sang nay viec dau tien la toi lai xe den Chena Hotspring resort cach Fairbanks khoang 50; lai xe. Noi day khong co gi dac biet va toi tro lai Fairbanks sau do. Ke tiep toi ghe lai University if Alaska Museum of the North. Noi day toi rat thich vi o day trung bai hinh anh cung nhu lich su cua nhung gi xay ra o North Poel area. Toi o day rat lau va sau do toi di den down town Fairbanks va sau cung la Creaner Field noi co nhieu wild life nhu chim va thu.

Tu day toi ra phi truong de tro ve California cham dut chuyen di rat hung thu va dac biet la toi duoc co co hoi vieng tham vung cuc Bac cua trai dat. Lan nay toi tham duoc doi song cua dan Eskimo ma toi muoc biet va Salmon run ma toi muon xem ma den bay gio moi co co hoi. Con mot viec nua ma toi muon xem ma chua duoc la Northern light

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