7-2019 Pruhoe Bay, Alaska


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North America » United States » Alaska
August 6th 2019
Published: August 7th 2019
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Pruhoe Bay:



Nam 1968 Arco kham pha mo dau lon tay phia bac cua Alaska va Anchorage la Prudhoe Bay. Tai day co 2 mo dau o Prudhoe bay va Kuparuk river la 2 onshore, oil field tren dat lien lon nhat the gioi trong khi da so oil field cua the gioi la off shore oil fields o ngoai bien.



Mo dau o day tao nen su phon thinh cua Anchorage. Prudhoe Bay oil field la mo dau lon nhat nuoc My va ngay ca Bac My rong 213,000 acres, bat dau kham pha lay dau nam 1977 voi 1.5 trieu thung moi nam va hien gio la 280,000 thung dau moi nam trong khi nuoc san suat dau nhieu nhat Saudi Arabia san suat 3,000 trieu thung moi nam . Dau o day co tong cong la 25 ty thung cao hon mo dau o Texas lon thu nhi nuoc My. Prudhoe cach Anchorage 650miles ve phia Bac.

Trong vung North slope tu mat dat xuong khoang 2 ft o trong tinh trang permafrost nghia la bao gio cung o trong tinh trang dong lanh. Tinh trang nay tao nen nhieu ho o day va nuoc trong ho do tuyet chay ra vao mau he va khong the di dau duoc.

Dau duoc lay tu long dat cach mat dat khoang 5,000 den 20,000ft va do ap suat tu long dat dau nay duoc dua vao ham cho dau tho ma khong can may bom. Dau o Pruhoe Bay gom ca dat, nuoc va dau. Dat o phia duoi ke do la nuoc va sau cung dau nam tren cung vi nhe. Dau nay duoc loc ra bo dat va nuoc chi con lai la dau tho. Dau tho nay duoc dua vao Trans- Alaska Pipeline dai 800 miles noi lien tu Pruhoe den Valdez Bay gan Anchorage va co tong cong 12 Pump stations tren duong den Valdez Bay voi duong kinh la 48 inches hay 1.22m. Trans-Alaska Pipiline duoc xay tu nam 1974 den 1977 voi ton phi khoang 8 ty do la.. Dau tho lay tu long dat o Pruhoe Bay va duoc van chuyen den Valdez Bay de roi tu day cac tau cho dau tho nay den cac noi loc dau oil Refinery facility o Tay Hoa Ky de bien thanh xang de dung vao ky nghe hay xe co.

Tai sao phai mang dau tu Prohoe den Valdez de tau van chuyen di vao luc dia Hoa Ky ma tau khong van chuyen tu Pruhoe Bay ? Tai vi vung Prohoe Bay bang gia va tuyet dong thanh bang tren vung bien Pruhoe Bay vao 9 thang mua dong nen tau khong den duoc con o Valdez Bay thi tuong doi it lanh hon nen bien khong bi dong bang nen tau den duoc moi ngay de cho dau di. Dau o Pruhoe Bay duoc lay ra tu long dat moi ngay nen phai co Pipeline de van chuyen den Valdez va khong co the chua o Prohoe duoc vi vao mua dong troi lanh dau se bi dong da. Vi the Trans Alaska Pipeline duoc thanh hinh.

Trong khi lay dau tu long dat o Pruhoe Bay phan tren cua dau la cac khi dot nhu gas cooking. Nhung gas nay khong the van chuyen chung voi dau nen duoc de tro lai mo dau phia duoi de tao gas nay tao nen pressure ma dua dau len mat dat. Neu van chuyen di den Valdez thi phai lam them mot Pipeline khac va ton them 8 ty do la nua nen khong the thuc hien duoc. Hien tai co su nghien cuu de bien gas nay thanh chat long de dua vao pipeline de dan den Vadez. Trong khi cac mo dau khac o luc dia Hoa Ky nhu o Texas thi dau khi nay duoc van chuyen den Refinery facility de loc thanh Gas de dung trong nha nhu cooking va suoi am vi o day cac Refinery station gan cac mo dau. Ma so gas nay cung duoc dung suoi am dan o day. Neu thang du nguoi ta dot bo.

O Pruhoe Bay co phi truong Deadhorse va thanh pho Barrow la thanh pho cuc Bac nuoc My va dan o day la tho dan voi 905 la dan Eskomo sinh song. Phi truong o day chi de van chuyen cac cong nhan tu xa den day lam o cac mo dau va khong co du khach vi the khong co Phuong tien di chuyen ngay ca taxi. Gan phi truong la cac ho nuoc ma mua he dan o day lay nuoc tu ho nay de xai va vao mua dong nguoi ta phai dut lo de lay nuoc tu phia duoi de dung trong nha.



Muc dich chinh cua chuyen di nay la toi den Barrow la dinh cuoi cung cua the gioi. Barrow con duoc goi la Utqiagvik la Northernmost American city, thuoc ve Borough North Slope, rong 55km2 va cao chi 3m so voi mat bien. Co 4,200 nguoi song o day. La Northernmost public community of the world. Noi day la vung dat cua dan Inuit ma con duoc goi la dan Eskimos song tren 1,500 nam. Utqiavik co nghia la noi cho nhung nguoi hoang da song. Khoi dau la ten Barrow lay ra tu chu Point Barrow diem cao nhat the gioi nam gan city of Barrow. Lay ten nay de de doc. Den nam 2016 doi thanh Utqiagvik theo tieng Inuqiaq.

Nam 1988 Barrow duoc biet den nhieu vi co 3 con cai voi bi mac ket trong iceberg cuoi cung 2 con duoc cuu nho Icebreaker cua Nga.

Barrow cach North Pole 1,300miles. Dat o day tao thanh tu bang tuyet goi la Tundra day den 400m duoi long dat ma dat tao thanh tu Permafrost nghia la dat dong lang duoi 0 do trong thoi gian dai.

Sang hom nay luc 3Am toi thuc day de sua soan ra phi truong cho chuyen di quan trong nhat trong trip nay la di den Barrow mot thanh pho ma bao chi goi la Top of the world city. Chuyen bay khoi hanh luc 6AM. Toi khong muon tre chuyen bay nay. Toi hom qua toi di tu Anchorage den Fairbanks de hom nay di Barrow. Toi khoi hanh o Anchorage luc 3Pm va hy vong den Fairbank luc 9Pm vi GPS noi di khoang 5Hrs . Tuy nhien vi duong di chat hep khong di nhanh duoc nen toi den Fairbanks luc 10:30Pm va den 12Am toi moi ngu . Nhu vay toi ngu chi co 3 tieng nen hoi met.

May bay stop over Pruhoe luc 7:55AM sau khi ngung o Anchorage 1hr. So di may bay ngung o Pruhoe Bay la de mot so nguoi den Pruhoe bay lam viec tai cac mo dau va dong thoi pick up cac nhan vien lam viec tai day ve nha cua ho sau 2 tuan lam viec tai day. Nhan vien o cac hang dau chi o day lam viec 2 tuan roi ve nha vas au do 2 tuan sau tro lai lam viec tiec tuc va hay phien nhau nhu vay, Nhung nguoi trong chuyen bay di den Barrow tho o lai may bay.

Toi biet dieu nay nhung toi tim cach xuong may bay de biet duoc vang Prohoe Bay nay. May bay chi ngung o day 50 phut. Toi xin flight attendant va ho cho toi ra ngoai va toi phai check in tro lai voi security. Toi ra ngoai va nhin phi truong rat nho va toi co the noi la phi truong nay nho nhat trong cac phi truong ma toi da di qua vi noi day khong co du khach den ma chi co nhan vien cac hang dau den day lam viec. Toi voi va di ra ngoai de chup vai buc hinh lam ky niem. Toi dung truoc hotel duy nhat bo day la Pruhoe Bay Hotel va toi nghi rang rat hiem du khach nao ma ra ngoai duoc de chup hinh truoc Hotel nay nen tam hinh nay rat dac biet . Sau do toi tro lai phi ntruong de len may bay.

Toi di den Barrow luc 10:50AM. Phi truong nay tuong doi lon hon o Pruhoe Bay. Troi bat dau am u voi nhung hat mua nho. Toi den hotel ma toi da dat truoc la Airport Inn la mot trong so 4 hotel o day. Mac dau hotel khong dac biet gi khong sang trong gi nhung gia la $220 mot dem. Gia hotel va vat gia o day la nhu vay rat dac do vo mot hang hoa van chuyen den day dieu bang may bay.

Sau do toi muon taxi di $50/gio de di den cac noi ma toi muon di. Nguoi tai xe la nguoi Thai Lan. Cac dich vu taxi la do nguoi Thai Lan lam ngay ca Taxi disbatcher cung la nguoi Thai Lan. Cac tai xe Thai lan o day khoang 40 nguoi va mot so nho la nguoi Lao. Vi ngheo nen ho tha Phuong cau thuc. Ho cho toi biet la dan Eskimo o day luoi bieng khong muon di lam vi ho duoc huong tro cap cua chanh phu vi nguoi Eskimo la tho dan. Dam da trang den day lay dat la tao nen dat Hoa Ky nen dan da trang tro cap tien cho ho sinh song cho den chet vi the ma ho nguoi Eskimo khong thich lam viec. Dam Eskimo la dan den tu cac dao o Thai Binh Duong ca may ngan nam truoc. Dan Indian dan da do o luc dia Hoa ky la hau than cua dan Eskimo ma ra va dan da do cung duoc tro cap boi chanh phu Hoa Ky.

Tai xe taxi dua toi den Whale Bone Arch noi tieng tai day de chup hinh ky niem va toi thay tour bus cung den day. Ho charge $160 cho 4 tieng trip around thanh pho nho be nay ma du khach cung co the dib o duoc vi qua nho. Sau do toi di den Point Of Barrow la diem dac biet o day vi Point of Barrow la diem cuoi cung cua trai dat nen noi day Barrow duoc goi la Top of the world town. Town nay rat cu ky va moc mac ngheo nan. Nha cua ho de khong gon gan voi cac may moc xe cu, do dung cu ky truoc xan nha nhu mot Junk yard o dat lien. Nguoi tiep vien o khach san cho toi biet dan o day cung khong tu te lam. Anh ta den tu Nenada den day lam viec va o trong khach san nay. Anh ta phai mang sung khi di tren duong vi so Polar Bear tan cong.

Taxi dua toi den point Of barrow mat khoang 20;. Cho nay hoang vu ngoai bien khoi. Sau do toi tro lai khach san. Toi di taxi den Feritage Musem. O day taxi di dau cung may $6 vi thanh pho nay nho. Museum trung bay cac lich su va san cai voi o day. Tu day toi di qua supermarket de xem hanh hoa ban tai day gia ca the nao. Cqau tra loi la gia ban rat dac cao 3 lan so voi dat lien o My. Nhu chuoi ban $1.79/puomd trong khi dat lien ban $.50. Mot trai Apple ban $1 trong khi dat lien 4 trai for $1. Con thit thi khoang $10/pound.

Sau do toi tro ve va di den bo bien de xem Arctic Ocean.

Toi nay toi ngu som luc 10Pm vi rat met vi roi qua toi ngu it. Tuy nhien toi co gang thuc day luc 1Am de xem mat troi luc nua dem hay Midnight sun.

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