7-2019 Barrow, Alaska, USA; The Top of the World


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North America » United States » Alaska
August 6th 2019
Published: August 7th 2019
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Barrow, Alaska



7-28-2019 Barrow

O Barrow chi co 4 khach san ma moi Hotel co khoang 30 phong nhu vay tong cong khach san o day chi co khoang 120 phong cho 120 du khach.

O day vao 3 nam 1 lan co ky hoi ten la Kivgiq. Kivgiq hay Messenger Feast la le duoc to chuc giua mua dong sau strong whale harvest. Le nay duoc dat ten tu ten cua 2 nguoi messengers ten la Kivgiq ngay xua di tu lang nay den lang Eskimo khac de moi dan lang den du le Kivgiq. Le nay bi ngung mot thoi gian khoang 70 nam cho den 1988 moi bat dau tro lai.

Barrow con duoc goi la Utqiagvok hay city of Utqiagvik duoc goi la the Northernmost American City thuoc tien bang Alaska va North slope Borough la city lon nhat la Utqiagvik hay Barrow. North Slope rong 245,521km2 gan bang VietNam. Tuy nhien voi dan so la 9,872 nguoi. North slope gom 7 cities ma Barrow la mot va city lon nhat. Mat do la 31 nguoi tren km2 ma 17% la da trang, .7 la da den, 68% la native Eskimos ma da so la Inuit, 5 % la A chau, .8% la dan cac dao Thai Binh Duong, 2% la Hispanic, 42% noi tieng Inupiaq hay Eskimo at home. Inuit la dan Eskimo thuong song o vung Bac Cuc o Arctic Cirle vung bag gia nhu Alaska, Greenland, Canada .

O Canada co 65,000 nguoi Eskimo, Demark co 16,000 , Greenland co 50,000 o Alsaka co 16,000. Da so theo thien Chua giao. Nguoi Eskimo o My va Canada noi tieng Anh. O Quebec noi tieng Phap va o Greenland noi tieng Dan Mach.

Ho la nhung nguoi san ban va chai luoi de bat ca va thu an thit. Ho an nhieu mo 75% cac thuc an vi troi lanh. Ho an thit polar bear, ca voi, seal, Arctic Fox. Khong an rao vi rao khong duoc o xu lanh.

Ho dung thuyen nho lam bang da thu goi la Qajaq de de noi tren nuoc. Sau nay nguoi Au Chau copy de lam thanh Kayak. Ho san thu song o bien nhu seal ca voi… vao mua dong bang cach tim cac breathing holes trong ice. Thu se den day de tho va ho cho o do de bat thu. Cho I day duoc dung de chuyen cho. Vao mua he cho co the chuyen cho khoang 20kgs vao mua dong cho dung de keo sled. Cho cung duoc dung de tim ra Beading holes cua seals hay Polar Bears.

Nguoi Eskimos dung da thu de lam y phuc. Dung xuong thu lam kim. Dung gan( tendon) thu lam chi. Ho thuong lam Parka la loai ao co hood lam bang da thu de mac ma sau nay nguoi Au Chau cung bat chuoc lam theo.

Vao mua dong cho duoc dung de keo xe ma xe duoc lam bang go , xuong thu, va mieng cua ca voi . Mang ca voi co the dai tu 1ft den 11 ft va nang 200lbs. Nguoi Eskimo dung sao tren troi de huong dan duong di.



Walrus Ivory duoc dung lam knife.

Vao mua dong nguoi Eskimo song trong leu lam bang snow goi la igloo va khi mua he den ho song trong leu lam bang da thu goi la tupig va duoc support boi xuong thu hay go.

Barrow la northernmost public community in the world va la northernmost city of United States. Con Northernmost city cua Canada la Murchison. Point Barrow cach North Pole la 1,291 miles la diem cao nhat cua dia cau cach Barrow airport 10miles



Toi thuc day luc 6Am va sau do di den Eskimo historic place canh bo bien. Nhieu loai chim dep. Noi do co nhung ngoi nha co cua nguoi Eskimo. Tu day toi di den Top of the world hotel roi tro lai super market va cuoi cung la Heritage Museum ma toi da den hom qua vi hom nay toi co nhieu thi gio hon de xem phan con lai. Toi muon xem nguoi Eskimo san cai voi the nao.

Ho san ca voi voi su chuan bi rat can than. Nguoi Eskimo song canh bo bien va song nho vao thit ca tu bien va thu tu dat lien theo truyen thong cua ong cha de lai. Ho song doc theo bo bien nen viec san ca voi la truyen thong trong doi song cua ho. Co 7 lang Eskimo nhung chi co Barrow la san duoc ca voi o 2 mua xuan va thu. Ho tin rang neu ho doi xu tot voi ca voi thi ca voi se doi xu tot voi ho bang cach mang nhieu ca voi khac cung cap cho ho mac dau ho san ban ca voi de an thit. Truoc het ho lam nen thuyen goi la Umiaq duoc lam bang da con seal bao phu khung go ben trong tao nen Umiaq rat vung chac va nhe co the chong lai song gio va nhe nhan khi keo tren tuyet.

Vao thang 2 ho mang thuyen len de thay the nhung cho go bi hu. Ho dung Seal oil de phu len go den go de dang noi tren mat bien. Nhung nguoi vo cua tho san ca voi lay da cua seal cat bo long va may cai manh da voi nhau roi phu qua cai khung go cua Umiaq. Sau do ho dem thuyen nay ra phoi den thang 5 thi da vua kho va thuyen nhe san sang su dung. KHi mua san ca voi bat dau nhung nguoi tho san sua soan cac dung cu san ban ca voi nhu mai nhon cai muoi nhon harpoon va sua soan bom no de giet ca voi. Vo thuyen truong cua doan san sua soan thuc an cho doan tho san.

Nguoi Eskimo tin tuong rang ca voi se tu hien minh cho tho san neu nhung nguoi tho san kinh trong ca voi bang cach doi xu tu te voi no bang cach giu gin sach se thit ca voi duoc dung trong cac ngay le nhu Thangsgiving hay Christmas. Nguoi Eskimo giu thit ca voi trong cai celler roi chon cai celler nay xuong Permafrost dat nhu la de dong lanh cho thit ca voi khong hu. Cac tho san cat bang tuyet de lam duong di ra bo bien hay ice edge noi ca voi ca the xuat hien. Tho san phai biet giong nuoc di huong nao. So phan nua tho san sua soan thuyen Uniaq va dung cu san ban con mot nua lam leu de than san thay phien san ban va tao cac tang da de che cai leu va thuyen de ca voi khong thay va de Uniaq san san keo di nhe nhang yen lang va nhanh chong de ca voi khong biet. Nguoi thuyen truong va vo co nhiem vu cung cap dung cu va thuc pham cho tho san va tho san co nhiem vu lang nghe loi thuyen truong.

Ca voi thuong xuat hien o Ice Edge va tho san thuong di san vao cuoi thang tu cho o ice edge 24 hrs moi ngay de cho doi. Doan tho san khoang 5 nguoi ngoi tren chiec uniaq cheo yen lang den khi gan ca voi nguoi harpooner ngoi truoc mui thuyen phong darting gun co mui nhon o dau vao dau ca voi kem theo floating device dong thoi ho ban them nhieu phat sung de giet ca voi nhanh chong. Neu ca voi khong chet lien ma loi di thi doan tho san duoi theo ban tiep. Nhu la su kinh trong ca voi doan tho san phai giu im lang khi thay ca voi bat dau chet nhu la kinh trong tinh than cua ca voi. Khi biet ca voi da chet doan tho san cau nguyen quanh ca voi va cam on ca voi da cong hien than xac cho tho san. Ke tiep thuyen keo ca voi vao bo. Thuyen may luc nay duoc dung de keo ca voi.

Barrow la noi ma ca voi xuat hien o 2 mua Xuan va mua Thu trong khi nhung noi khac ca voi chi xuat hien vao Thu hay mua Xuan ma thoi.

Sau do tho san va khoang 30 nguoi giup dung day lon keo ca voi den cho bang phang cua tuyet de lam thit. Neu ca voi lon qua thi ho lam thit tai bo bien. Truoc khi lam thit vo thuyen truong do nuoc mat vao mieng ca voi nhu la su chao don ca voi.Dong thoi carcass cua ca voi duoc tha lai bien nhu la de hon ca voi noi voi cac ca voi khac na ca voi nay duoc doi xu tu te de roi no khuyen khich cac ca voi khac tiep tuc hien dang than the no choi tho san.

Thit ca voi khong duoc ban ma de chia se cung cac dan Eskimo trong lang. Theo luat hien tai moi lang Eskimo chi duoc san 25 ca voi moi nam.

Den 5 gio toi ra phi truong de tro ve Fairbanks. Toi den Fairbanks luc 11:50Pm va tro ve khach san ngu o North Pole de sang hom sau di tour Arctic Circle


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