Background: Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession in the name of Great Britain. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop its agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. It boasted one of the OECD's fastest growing economies during the 1990's, a performance due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980's. Long-term concerns include pollution, particularly depletion of the ozone layer, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef.
Photos from Portsea
Blogs from Portsea
Latest Blogs from Portsea
- January 21st 2011 A day out on Portsea with Leahanne
by Words: 253 Photos: 13
- October 7th 2007 Corinella
by Words: 29 Photos: 0
- March 26th 2006 AA Checkin!
by Words: 181 Photos: 0
- March 25th 2006 Beaching it.........
by Words: 168 Photos: 9
- July 9th 2005 lollies and spiders
by Words: 2626 Photos: 0
- June 11th 2005 Reunion - The Crunch
by Words: 1285 Photos: 1
- August 8th 2001 Road trip: Sorrento, Rosebud, Portsea. July '01.
by Words: 337 Photos: 11