Settled by Norwegian and Celtic immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Iceland boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established in 930. Independent for over 300 years, Iceland was subsequently ruled by Norway, then Denmark, achieving full independence in 1944.
Iceland experiences a rather mild climate for a country on such a northern latitude, yet weather patterns are known to be volatile, conditions changing frequently. During the summer months, Iceland never reaches full darkness, and in northern areas a Midnight Sun can be seen. Iceland's stunning landscape provides areas of geothermal activity, mountains, waterfalls and glaciers. It's cities although small, provide both a taste of traditional culture and the chance to experience the Icelandic way of life.
Highlights from Iceland
- Gullfoss (The Golden Falls)
- The Jökulsár Lagoon
- The Culture House museum - holding a large collection of medieval manuscripts.
- The Blue Lagoon
Hints and Tips for Iceland
- Best to travel in the summer months - winter offers near permanent darkness and freezing weather conditions.
- Don't buy or eat whale meat. It is not a traditional part of the Icelandic diet though you may be told otherwise. Complain to restaurants that offer it. We can end this practice by being responsible.