2019, 8 Otaru, Japan


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Asia » Japan » Hokkaido » Otaru
September 7th 2019
Published: September 8th 2019
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8-25-2019 Otaru, Japan

Nguoi Ainu phan nhieu song o dao Sakhalin va Hokkaido. Otura la thanh pho nam tren dao Hokkaido.

Sau khi Nhat thua trong the chien thu 2 Nhat chay tu dao Sakhalin cung voi dan toc thieu so Ainu ve Hokkaido vi chi cach Sakhailin 40km. Tai dao Hokhaido da so la nguoi Ainu song.

Nguoi Aino la loai nguoi giong nhu nguoi Au Chau vi ho co mat tron, thinh thoang co mat sanh, co body hair va stocky body sharp. Genetic study cho biet rang ho lien he den giong nguoi Hmong o South Pacific. Ve ngon ngu khong giong bat cu ngon ngu nao. Da so nguoi Ainu song tu Kamchatka toi dao Honshu. Ho bi don ve phai Nam boi Nga va bi don ve phia Bac boi nguoi Nhat nghia la o Nga nguoi Ainu bi don ve niem Nam cua dao Sakhalin dao lon nhat cua Nga con o Nhat nguoi Ainu bi don ve mien bac cua nuoc Nhat hay dao Hokkaido. Ngay nay ho song da so o dao Hokkaido. Ho co tap quan giong nhu nguoi Polynesia hay Alaska. Ho song bang san ban tu 2000 nam. Ho co loi song giong nhu loai gau vi hay di ra may dong nuoc suoi bat ca hoi an va gau cung vay. Ho co tap tuc la Crane dance va mat cua phu nu ca tattoos nhu la de hap dan dan ong.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Ky5qqRyZXg

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cp9yuAkDp5Q

Ho co tap tuc lam le Lyomante hay Bear Celemony la most important. Celemony. Ho xem gau nhu la mountain God. Khi ho gap gau con ho bat giu va nuoi den 2 nam truoc khi tha lai vao rung va lam le tha ra nhu de gau tro ve voi God goi la le Bear Celemony. Trong thoi gian nay gau con duoc nuoi bang sua cua cac ba me Ainu. Sau khi gau chet thi cung so gau va da gau.

Su lien he giua nguoi Nhat va nguoi Ainu giong nhu su lien he giua nguoi da do va dan My o Hoa Ky hay nguoi kinh va daong bao thuong o Viet Nam. Tuy nhien o Hoa Ky dan Hoa Ky doi xu voi nguoi da do dan ban xu rat tot. Dan da do o My nhung nguoi dinh cu dau tien o dat nuoc Hoa Ky truoc khi dan Au Chau den lap nuoc Hoa Ky. Nguoi Hoa Ky hien tai cap duong hang thang cho nguoi da do nhu hinh thuc den bu lai dat dai ma nguoi da trang den chiem dong. Nhu nguoi Eskimo ma toi den Barrow o Alaska thang roi. Con o Nhat thi nguoi NHat khong doi xu tot voi nguoi Ainu nhu vay. Khoi dau nguoi Nhat rat khac khe voi nguoi Ainu nhu la nguoi Ainu khong duoc quyen lam chu ruong dat va coi nhu tang lop thap nhat cua xa hoi Nhat. Vao te ky 13 ho song tu do o Hokkaido va co mot so nguoi Nhat cung song tai day. Co nhung su tranh chap giua nguoi Ainu nhau nam 1669 va nguoi NHat. Nguoi Ainu tao phong trao chong lai nguoi Nhat bang cach duoi nguoi Nhat ra vung dat cua ho nhung ho that bai. Roi thi ho bi bat buoc song trong su kep kep khong cong bang trong viec buon ban la ban nhung hang hoa cho nguoi NHat voi gia thap.

Nam 1900 so nguoi Ainu chi co 2% trong tong so nguoi song o Hakkado. Luat le khong bao ve ho ma bat buoc ho theo dieu kien cua Nhat. To tien nguoi Ainu song bang nghe san ban nhu nguoi Eskimo nhung o Nhat ho bi cam san ban va tu hop ma chi co lam nghe nong ma theo Protection Law nam 1899. Theo luat nay tat ca dat cua nguoi Ainu bi tich thu boi chanh phu va duoc phan chia lai. Chanh phu Nhat bat ho chi lam nghe nong ma thoi. Ho chi duoc lam nong o nong trai ben trong dat lien noi dia ma nguoi NHat khong thich. Con nguoi Nhat thi duoc phan chia dat 10 lan hon nguoi Ainu. Con cai cua nguoi Ainu bat buoc phai hoc tieng Nhat o truong hoc va phai mang ten Nhat. Cam khong duoc noi tieng Ainu. Cam khong duoc tattoo o mat cua dan ba Ainu. Kieu toc va quan oc phai theo nguoi NHat khong duoc theo nguoi Ainu. Cam khong duoc lam le cung gau.

Nhung tu nam 1997 luat le bat dau thay doi la bao ve van hoa nguoi Ainu cho phep ho noi tieng Ainu va giu van hoa cua ho. Nguoi Ainu duoc coi la dan toc thieu so nhu nguoi Okinawan.

Ngay nay nguoi Ainu la mixed blood hay co giong mau tron lan voi mau Nhat. Chi co 24,000 la nguoi Ainu hien nay ma da so la mixed blood va chi con co 200 nguoi Ainu la pure Blood. Mac dau sau nhieu the he bi cam doan ngon ngu Ainu van con ton tai qua cac chuong trinh bao ton ngon ngu Ainu trong xa hoi. Ngay nay sau nhieu nam nguoi Ainu dau kinh goc gac cua minh, nguoi Ainu ngay nay duoc co dai Radio rieng voi tieng Ainu, co bao tieng Ainu, co lop day tieng Ainu va co nhung hoi Ainu.

Hokkaido ngay xua ten la Ezo vao nam 1869 doi thanh Hokkaido. La second largest island cua Japan chiem 22% land cua Japan nhung dan so chi chiem 5% ma thoi Hokkado cach dao Sakhalin 43km. Dan Nhat thich den day vao mua he vi khi hau o day mat me va vao mua dong ho den day de truot tuyet. O day co nhieu dat trong va castle nuoi bo va ngay ca nuoi bo lam Kobe beef. Dao nay duoc chanh quyen Nhat khuyen dan den lap nghiep o day de tranh chiem dong cua nguoi Nga. Hakkodate port duoc mo ra trong su yeu cau cua Commodore Perry.

Sau the chien thu 2 Japan tra lai cho Tau vung dat Manchuria va dan NHat tai do tro ve Hokkaido lam nghe nong. Tu dao Hokkaido di den dao Honshu bang world longest undersea tunnel dai 54km. Khi xe lua di qua tunnel nay phai ngung lai giua tunnel ma giua tunnel nay co Fault de dong dat. Bullet train noi lien Hakodate to Tokyo va chay den Tokyo chi mat 4 hrs. 90% cua Japan milk den tu Hokkaido.

Otaru co 131,000 dan va mat do la 541 nguoi/km2 hon Viet Nam. Sau khi Nhat dau hang Nhat chay tu Sakhalin cung voi dan Ainu ve day. Day la trade port khi Nhat cai tri Sakhalin o Nga. Mac dau la khu vuc nho nhung co 9 con song chay qua day. Co nhieu du khach Nhat va Nga den day. Noi day co Nishin Goten hay Gerring Mansion xay nam 1897 co lan la nha cua Fukumatsu Tanaka nha thuong mai chuyen san xuat ca herring ma nha nay chua phong ngu cua 120 workers. Noi tieng o day la Ice Cream. Itaru canal duoc xay 1923 rat tinh tu vao ban dem co den dau duoc thap len. Nichigin la Wall street of the North co nhieu Financial districts. Steam cliok thi duoc chay bang steam thay vi dien la qua cua Canada.

Du bthuyen den Otaru luc 9am nhung lam thu tuc immigration den 11:30am toi moi duoc xuong thuyen. Toi di bo den Steam clock nam o trung tam thanh pho. Steam clock nay, o Vancouver , Canada, indiniapolis, USA la nhung steam clocks duy nhat tren the gioi chay bang hoi nuoc duoc chanh phu Canada tang. Ben canh steam clock la Music box Museum trong ban nhieu do thu cong nghe tinh sao. Tu day toi di den Oraru Canal la main attraction tai day. Doct theo canal nay la nhung sap nho ban hang rat tho so it tien. Toi thay nuoc Nhat giau nhung dan Nhat co doi song rat khiem ton. Tren Canal co nhung chiec thuyen nho cho khach tren canal nhu o Venice. Sau do toi di den trung tam thanh pho va tinh co toi duoc xem buoi trinh dien vu dieu dan toc cua vung dao nay. Ho co nhieu vu dieu rat giong nguoi Hawaii. Nhung vu cong tu tre em den nguoi lon rat ngoan muc. Toi o day xem gan 2 tieng vi rat hay. Sau do toi phai tro ve thuyen vi tau se roi ben luc 5PM. Toi den du thuyen khoang 4:30PM va su tinh co nua toi xem duoc mua trong tai du thuyen do nhung nhom vu cong dia Phuong den bieu dien tien dua du khach roi ben . do la phong tuc dac biec cua nguoi Nhat ma toi khong thay o bat cu quoc gia nao. Ho hieu khach, ho trong chu on nghia ma ho muon dap den. Du khach mang den loi it cho cong dong ho va ho phai to loi cam on.

Toi la nguoi thu 2 cuoi cung len tau luc 5:10PM de tau di den Hakodate.


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