Background: Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession in the name of Great Britain. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop its agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. It boasted one of the OECD's fastest growing economies during the 1990's, a performance due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980's. Long-term concerns include pollution, particularly depletion of the ozone layer, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef.
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Latest Blogs from Surrey Hills
- May 5th 2013 The Yellow Brick Road
by Words: 379 Photos: 1
- January 25th 2013 Fin du séjour à Sydney
by Words: 361 Photos: 23
- January 14th 2013 Une semaine à Sydney
by Words: 372 Photos: 15
- December 18th 2011 Sydney - final days in Oz!!!
by Words: 184 Photos: 0
- December 3rd 2011 Sydney!
by Words: 484 Photos: 0
- November 20th 2011 Hello Sydney
by Words: 818 Photos: 0
- April 26th 2011 The end of a holiday, but the start of a journey
by Words: 6040 Photos: 0
- February 20th 2011 Australia - Part 2
by Words: 2989 Photos: 46
- January 2nd 2011 The Adventure Continues into the New Year!!
by Words: 1048 Photos: 41
- October 1st 2010 Premiers pas sur le sol australien!
by Words: 270 Photos: 15
- September 27th 2010 Christmas & New Year in Sydney
by Words: 1137 Photos: 19
- September 18th 2010 Pożegnanie z tropikalną północą
by Words: 384 Photos: 10
- May 14th 2010 Leaving Asia...Hello Oz
by Words: 1091 Photos: 0
- September 24th 2009 Sydney!!
by Words: 5 Photos: 10
- July 31st 2009 Sydneys End + Melbourne
by Words: 660 Photos: 5
- July 15th 2009 The Summer of My Salvation: Chapter Six - Sydney
by Words: 2830 Photos: 10
- June 24th 2009 Raffle draw fun with Red Lantern
by Words: 119 Photos: 1
- April 30th 2009 In Sydney angekommen
by Words: 225 Photos: 4
- April 29th 2009 Sydney, Sydney and more Sydney.
by Words: 1657 Photos: 0
- April 14th 2009 Easter in Oz
by Words: 340 Photos: 0