Poland 8-2012


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Europe » Poland » Greater Poland » Oswiecim
November 25th 2012
Saved: April 7th 2015EDIT THIS ENTRY

Gdansk: the attractive city that makes a great starting point for exploring the Baltic coast.





Baltic Sea bao quanh boi cac quoc gia sau day: Sweden, Finland, Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Porland, Norhtern of Germeny, Eastern of Denmark. Baltic Sea noi lien voi North sea boi Kiel Canal o phia Nam va bien White sea boi White sea Canal o phia Bac.





Baltic Sea tao thanh do cac kho bang bao mon vao thoi tien su Ice Age va co 1,600 km chieu dai, 193km chieu ngang va trung binh 55m chieu sau. Vao mua dong 45% cua Baltic Sea bi dong bang day khoang 28 inches thuong o phia bac. Co nhieu nam Baltic sea bi dong bang het dac biet vao nhung nam 1987 va 2011. Tu 1720 den nay Baltic Sea bi dong bang hoan toan 20 lan. Khoang 200 song chay vao Baltic Sea mang theo nuoc ngot ra bien nen nuoc bien o Baltic Sea it man hon cac bien khac. Baltic Sea thuong bi dong bang vao mua dong trong khi North Sea vung cung vi do hay vung cao hon Baltic Sea van khong bi dong bang vi nho vao giong nuoc nong The Gulf Steam chay tu Africa qua Caribean Sea den Bac Cuc qua bien North Sea. Do do ma vung Iceland va Svaboard cua Norway khong bi dong bang vao mua dong mac dau o Vi do cao hon Baltic Sea. Con White Sea nam phia Bac cua Baltic sea. O Saint Peterburg co song Neva chay tu ho Ladoga ra bien Baltic Sea tai Saint PeterBurg. Song Svir chay tu ho Ladoga den ho Onega roi ngung tai day. Nam 1931 Nga dung tu nhan de dao kinh White Sea canal chay tu Onega ra bien White Sea. Do do Baltic Sea noi lien voi White Sea bang White Sea canal chay tu White sea ra Baltic sea.

Vao thang 6-2005 toi va ca gia dinh den Krakaw, Poland tu Berlin. Toi den Krakaw khoang 8Pm. Ngay lai mot dem tai day de roi sang hom sau gia dinh di den Auschwitz cach Krakaw khoang 50km.

Auschwitz la trai giam cua Duc Quoc Xa dung de giam nguoi Do Thai va ho giet hang trieu dan Do Thai tai day. Ngoai trai giam nay Duc Quoc xa con co nhieu trai giam khac de tieu diet nguoi Do Thai. Sau khi xem trai Auschwitz chung toi tro va Krakaw de xem Salt Mine. Cung nhu trai Auschwitz , Salt Mine cung la Unesco sites. Salt mine la ham mo lau nam muoi do nuoc bien tu long dat tao thanh muoi tren vach. Ben trong co nha hang de tiep tan, tiec cuoi...Sang hom sau chung toi di den Czech.

Sau day la chuong trinh du lich den Poland cua gia dinh:







Len xe train di Krakow, Poland
European trip, Auschwitz concentration camp 8-2005


Northern Europe: Warsaw Poland 8-2006




8-12 sang hom sau 8Am took train to visit Oswiecim, tham trai giam Auschwitz. Day la trai giam lon nhat ma Duc Quoc Xa dung len de giet nguoi Do Thai. Auschwitz cach Krakaw khoang 50km.



Auschwitz la trai giam cua Duc Quoc Xa dung de giam nguoi Do Thai va ho giet hang trieu dan Do Thai tai day. Auschwits la ten Duc la trai giam ten Poland la Oswiecim trai giam duoc thanh lap tai tinh ten la Oswiecim hay tieng duc la Auschwits thuoc Poland.

Auschwitz gom 3 camp: Auschwitz I, II va III : 3 trai nay duoc xay gan nhau tai town ten la Oświęcim .o Poland.

Auschwitz I: Luc dau tien Auschwitz I duoc xay de chua tu nhan chanh tri o Poland nam 1940.

Auschwitz II: Duoc thanh lap boi Duc Quoc Xa de giam nguoi Do Thai trong the chien thu 2. Trai nay duoc xay cach trai I khoang 4km. Tu 1941 den 1944 Nguoi Do thai duoc mang den day tu tat ca nhung noi chiem dong boi Duc Quoc Xa roi dua vao chambers de giet. Duc Quoc xa noi voi nguoi Do thai bi dua di la di hoc tap, tim viec lam. Nhung den day ho giam vao phong. Sau do coi het quan ao ra sau cung duoc dua vao lo de dot thai vi chon nhu truoc kia. Sau nay ho dot vi khong con dat de chon. Chamber chua chat Cyanide, chat ngat Hydrogen. Sau do nguoi chet duoc dem dot. Co 1.2 trieu nguoi bi giet trong do co 960,000 nguoi Do thai. Ngoai nhung nguoi bi giet trong gaz Chamber mot so nguoi khac bi chet vi doi song o day rat the tham, bi bat di lao dong ma khong cho an uong day du, sanh ra binh tat va do khat. Co khoang 7,000 cai tu trong trai nay ma sau nay bi trung tri la War crime.



Vi dong qua nen xay trai giam Auschwitz II





Dan do thai duoc dua den trai tu. Nguoi con suc khoe thi duoc dua di lam lao dong con dan ba tre em hay nguoi binh hoan khong san suat duoc thi duoc dua thang vao gaz chambers.

Neu mai man duoc giam de di lam lao dong truoc khi bi giet thi ho duoc duoc vao trai giam. Moi sang phai thuc day luc 4:30AM va cho cai tu kiem soat den 7 gio sang. Cai tu se trung phat neu quan ao khong chinh te khong gai nut. Sau do ho bat phai di lao dong 12 goi sau khi chi cho uong mot ly nuoc nong va mot mieng banh mi. Toi den ho cung tap trung de kiem soat . neu nguoi nao khong xuat hien thi phai tim cho bang duoc neu khong tu nhan phai dung do hang gio duoi troi lanh. Sau do duoc an mot khut banh mi nho truoc khi vao Barract ngu. Ca 800 nguoi vao Barract nho de ngu . nguoi nay gat chan tren dau tren co nguoi khac. Co nguoi can danh nhau de dang vai tac trong de ngu, do do giac nhu khong duoc binh yen.

Tu nhan nao bi phat , ho duoc dua vao ngu dung cung voi 3,4 nguoi khac trong mot tu nho chi du de dung. Con tu nhan nao co y tron thoat hay bi xu tu ho dua vao cai thu dung khoa kinh ma khong cho thuc an den chet.



Auschwits III duoc thanh lap de che chat buna, a type of synthetic rubber essential to the war effort, de cung ung cho chien tranh va dung tu nhan de lam nhan cong. Co tong cong 35,000 tu nhan duoc dung vao viec xay cat va che bien nay, va co 25,000 ngan nguoi bi chet vi thieu an, lam viec qua suc…nguoi tu nhan phai thuc day tu 3 gio sang di tu trai Auschwits I den trai Auschwits III cah do 7km de lam viec , khi den noi thi kiet suc khong lam viec duoc , co nguoi chet sau do. Neu tu nhan con suc con lam viec ho bat tu nhan phai dung den 75% suc de lam viec trong khi tu nhan chi co the lam 25% suc ma thoi vi yeu duoi vi doi. Cai tu ham doa se dua ho vao chambers de ho so ma tang nang xuat. So tu nhan chet duoc dua vao gaz chambers de dot roi so tu nhan moi duoc dua den de thay the. Trung binh tu nhan duoc dua den day truoc khi chet la 3 thang.

Nam 1944 khi Red Army cua Lien Si tien den Poland , thu truong trai II ra linh dot tat ca tai lieu va dong cua cac chambers de dau tang tich. Tu nhan duoc di tan di noi khac de khong mot tu nhan nao roi vao tay cua quan doi dong minh de che dau tich. Co rat nhieu tu nhan chet tren duong di tan. Mot so tu nhan con song sau do duoc giai thoat khi quan doi dong minh den.



Tu nhan duoc di tan di noi khac de tau tan sau khi quan dong minh tien chiem. Hong quan Do cua Lien So vao tram giam chiem truoc nam 1945





Dan Duc bi Duc Quoc Xa bat di bo 300 miles vuot qua Czech. Di qua 30 xac phu nu vat re em DO Thai bi chet doi .

7500 tu nhan Do thai vi qua yeu khong di duoc phai o lai sau do bi giet de thu tieu. Tuy nhien khi quan doi Red Army den tai chiem ngay 1-27-1945 thi ho tiem thay duoc 370,000 men's suits, 837,000 women's garments, and 7.7 tonnes of human hair. Ngay 1-27-1945 duoc coi la ngay International Holocaust Remembrance Day.





Day la noi de treo co cac tu nhan va cung la noi camp commandant Rudolf Höss bi treo co 16-4 1947 sau khi toa tuyen an xu tu ong vi toi diet chung. Ong da tung treo co hang tram ngan tu nhan Do Thai va gio phut cuoi cung khi trai giam roi vao tai dong minh , chinh ong bi treo co. Do la luat nhan qua.



1947 Poland thanh lap vien bao tang tai day de moi nguoi den vieng va 1979 Unesco cong nhan day la di san the gioi.

Ngoai trai giam nay Duc Quoc xa conco nhieu trai giam khac de tieu diet nguoi Do Thai. Bat dau ho cho xem phim ve su tan sat nguoi Do Thai. Sau do co tour guide dan di xem cac trai tu nhan va cach hanh ha nguoi Do Thai cua Duc Quoc Xa.

Sau khi xem trai Auschwitz chung toi tro va Krakaw de xem Salt Mine. Cung nhu trai Auschwitz , Salt Mine cung la Unesco sites. Salt mine la ham mo lau nam muoi do nuoc bien tu long dat tao thanh muoi tren vach. Duoc xay dung len vao the ky 13th va ton tai va hoat dong den ngay nay. La salt mine lau doi nhat thengioi voi khoang 1.2 trieu du khach tham vieng hang nam. Ben trong co nha hang de tiep tan, tiec cuoi....











8-13 sleep in Krakaw . morning go to Square. Wawel Castle. Wawel castle la nen ngu cua vua chua Poland vi Krakow la thu do cua Poland luc bay gio va sau nay moi doi ve Warsaw vao the ky 17th. Wawel castle nam ben bo song Wisla va ben canh Wasel cathedral. Dac biet o day co rat nhieu bars vi dan chung uong ruou nhieu va mot trong nhung noi uong nhieun nhat the gioi.


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