2019, 8 Kochi, Japan


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Asia » Japan » Kochi » Geisei
September 7th 2019
Published: September 8th 2019
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8-18-2019 Kochi

Kochi co 332,000 dan voi 1,100 nguoi/km2 gap 3 VietNam. Vao the chien thu 2 ngay 7-3-1945 luc 6:22PM , 129 may bay My bo 1060 tan bom xuong Kochi lam tieu tan 48% cua thanh pho nay.

O day co Kochi castle la main tourist attraction va obiyamachi shopping center. Sunday street market dai 1km. va Harimaya Bashi bridge ma co bai hat Kochi noi ve forbidden love cua Buddhist priest. Katsurahama la famous beach tai day.

Tau cap ben luc 8AM. Toi xuong thuyen va di den Kochi Castle dau tien. Di bo khonag 20’ thi den noi. Castle nay duoc xay tren hill v aphai dib o len rat xa. Di bao trong castle phai qua nhieu tang lau de den dinh cua castle. Tu dinh nau du khach co the nhin thya toan the thanh pho Kochi. Sau do toi di den Sunday market va rat may man chung toi den day vao ngay chu Nhat nen duoc chung kien Sunday Market rat dac biet nay. Marker rat dai ca cay so. Da so ho ban do cu hay co duoc de ben le duong de ban nhu cac cho troi o My. Phan con lai cua Sunday Market la ho ban rau cai. Toi mua duoc sung trau tai day. Tu day toi di den Museum. Trong Museum ho trinh bay ve ca dieu vu dan toc cua Nhat. Ho cho du khach mac do Bikino cua Nhat de chup hinh.

That tinh co co street Parade xay ra sau khi toi den tham Museum va duoc to chuc truoc vien bao tang tren duong dan den trung tam thanh pho ma con duong nay rat dac biet duoc che phu boi roof kien rat la. Doan dien hanh gom trai gai mac do co truyen cua Nhat di mua tren duong pho. Toi rat say me xem bieu dien hanh rat ngoan muc nay ma toi chua tung thay bieu dien hanh nao hay nhu vay. Buoi dien hanh tiep tuc khoang 2 gio thi cham dut. Toi rat than phuc dan toc Nhat. Ho tiep don du khach that chu dao va rat lich su. Toi yeu dat nuoc nay.

Sau do toi tre ve thuyen de di den Tanazawa.



8-19-2019 At Sea

2000 years of Japan History: Hom nay toi nghe duoc bai thuyen trinh tu giao su dai hoc Canada ve lich su nuoc Nhat.

Tu 14,000 nam truoc Tay lich da co nguoi song tren dat Nhat ngay nay. Vao the ky thu 3 co 3 Kingdom cua Nhat cai tri ten la Yamataikoku.

Dao Phat gia nhap vao Nhat lan dau tien tu Korea duoi thoi Shotoku. Sau do dao Phat gia nhap vao Nhat nhieu tu Tau vao thoi Asuka 592 den 710. Den thoi Nara(710-784) Imperial Court ra doi nam quyen hanh dieu khien nuoc Nhat. Luc bay gio co chung benh smallbox ma giet chet 1/3 dan Nhat tu nam 735-737. Nam 784 Emperor Kanmu doi thu do tu Nara toi Nagaoka roi den Heian –Kyo ma ngay nay la Kyoto nam 794. Trieu dai ke tiep la Heian(794-1185) va dao Phat duoc truyen ba rong rai.

Trong noi chien Genpei war nam 1185 Taira bi danh bai de roi Samurai Yoritomo duoc chi dinh boi Emperor Go Taba cai tri nuoc Nhat de roi nam 1192 Shogun Yoritomo va Minamoto thanh lap chanh phu quan chu o Kamakura ma quan doi lam chu dat nuoc Nhat. Roi thi Shogun va Samurai cai tri nuoc Nhat tu 1192 den 1868 va Emperor nuoc Nhat chi la hinh thuc ma cai tri nuoc Nhat la Shogun la lanh tu quan doi va Samurai la vien chuc trong quan doi. Trong thoi ky nay quan Mong Co tan chiem nuoc Nhat va bi quan doi Kamakura danh bai tu nam 1274 den 1281. Nhung sau do Kamakura Shogun bi danh bai boi Emperor Go Daigo roi sau do Emperor Go Daigo bi truat phe boi Emperor Ashikaga nam 1336 de thanh lap Shogun tai Muromachi, Kyoto(1336-1573)

Vao the ky 16th nguoi Bo Dao Nha den buon ban tai Nhat lan dau tien va ngay nha truyen giao den Nhat lan dau tien. Co hoi nay chanh quyen Oda Nubunnaga mua vu khi tu tay pguong va sau nay dung de chiem Dai Han nam 1592 den 1597.

Emperor Meiji cai tri Nhat tu nam 1868 den 1912, Trong thoi gian nay Commodore Mattew Perry va Black Ship cua My den Nhat bat Nhat phai mo cua voi the gioi ben ngoai de roi Nhat mo cua don nhat ky thuat Phuong Tay. Mac dau Phap va Anh muon vao Nhat nhung loi ich o Tau nhieu hon va lai Phap that bai o Mexico va bi Duc danh nen mat hung thu vao Nhat. Nhat tro nen hung manh va chien thang o 2 tran chien Sino-Japanese war (1894-1895) va Russo-Japanese War(1904-1905) Nhat chiem Taiwan. Korea va mien nam cua dao Sakhalin. Dao nay cua China va Nga va Nhat tranh gianh anh huong va sau do Nga va Nhat dong y chia doi mien Bac thuoc Nga mien Nam thuoc Nhat. Nuoc Nhat tang manh den Great depression nam 1929. Luc bay gio dan Nhat tang tu 35 trieu nam 1873 den 70 trieu nam 1935.

Trong the chien thu 1 WWI, Nhat tham gia quan doi dong minh va danh chiem mien Bac Tau vung Manchuria nam 1935 nhung bi the gioi phan doi roi thi Nhat bo dong Minh, bo League of Nation (Lien Hiep Quoc) bay gio 1933 de theo Duc Quoc Xa 1936. Nhat tro thanh 1 trong 3 truc Duc Y Nhat trong the chien thu 2 WW2 nam 1940.

Nam 1937 Nhat chiem vung khac cua Tua la Nanjing va giet chet nhieu nguoi o Nanjing. Nam 1940 Nhat chien vung dat ma la thuoc dia cua Phap o Dong Duong luc bay gioi trong do co Viet Nam de dua den viec Hoa Ky dat oil Embargo voi Nhat. Nhat noi gian de roi ngay 12-7,8 -1941 Nhat tan cong Tran Chau Canh cua Hoa Ky. Nhat cung tan cong quan doi Anh o Malaysia, Hong Kong va Singapore va tuyen chien voi My va Anh lam My va Anh nhay vao cuoc chien WW2. Sau 2 qua bom nguyen tu o Hiroshima va Nagasaki nam 1945 Nhat dau hang 8-15-1945. Trong thoi gian nay Nga tai chiem vung Manchuria cua Tau tu Nhat. The chien WW2 lam Nhat mat cac thuoc dia o Tau, ca trieu nguoi chet va ky nghe Nhat bi tan pha. Hoa Ky duoi Nhat ra khoi vung Nhat chiem dong o A Chau de tra doc lap cho ho trong do co Viet Nam

Sau khi thua tran trong WW2 Nhat rut het ve Nhat va tra lai Manchuria chi Tau..

Nam 1947 Nhat chap nhan thay doi tu quan chu tro thanh dan chu tu do voi su chiem dong cua quan doi dong minh. Su chiem dong nay cham dut voi San Francissco Treaty nam 1952 de roi nam 1956 Nhat duoc gia nhat Lien Hiep Quoc. Tu do Nhat tang truong nhanh de tro thanh mot quoc gia hung mang ve kinh te dung thu 2 sau Hoa ky cho den khi bi Tau vuot qua nam 2010 vi cuoi nam 1990 Nhat bi khung hoang kinh te tram trong. Sau do Nhat bat dau hoi phuc . Tuy nhien Nhat lai bi thien tai ngay 3-11-2011 Nhat bi tran dong dat mot trong nhung tran dong dat lon nhat the gioi lam hu hai Fukushima Daiichi nuclear tao nen su tan pha du doi nhat lich su Nuclear power. Ngay 5-1-2011 Emperor Akihito nhuong ngoi lai cho con la Naruhito.

Ve dia chat, Japan co nhieu co hoi co dong dat. Nam 1923 tran dong dat manh nhat co 140,000 chet va Todai Earthquake se den. O Tokyo dong dat xay ra moi 90 plus or minus 20 years nhu vay tran dong dat cuoi cung xay ran am 1923 nhu vay tran dong dat ke tiep dang le da xay ra. Nhu vay tran dong dat lon o Tokyo se xay ra bat cu luc nao. Tokyo co 4 lang nut hay Fault nhu vay dong dat o Tokyo chan chan se xay ra. Chanh phu Japan da thanh lap nhieu ke hoach phong ho dong dat xay ra. Nui lua Kagoshima van con active. Fuji cung la nui lua ma lan cuoi xay ran am 1707. Climbing nui Fuji la fun experiment nhung nguoi ta thuong noi rang neu anh chua bao gio leo nui Fuji la nden ro nhung neu leo hon 1 lan cung la dien ro. Ngoai nui lua con co hot springs co noi noi tu Nam toi Bac Japan. Ngoai nui lua , Hot springs con co Typhoons. Moi nam co 12 typhoons va den gio nay da co 10 typhoons. Typhoon xay ra vao thang 7 den thang 10.

Hien nay dao Senkaju tranh chap giua Nhat va Japan. Dao Takeshima tranh chap giua Nhat va South Korea.

Nam 1991 Bubble Burst o Japan lam gia dia oc xut giam 90% gia tri. Nam 1990 trung binh nguoi lam kim duoc tu 50k den 70k/year nhung dne nam 2007 trung binh moi nguoi kiem duoc la 30k/year. Trong thoi ky cuc thinhcua 1980s Japan tro thanh nuoc manh th7u 2 the gioi sau Hoa ky. Nam 1990 gia tri dat o Nhat cao nhat the gioi. Land cua Emperor’s Tokyo Palace gia cao hon toan the land o California. Canada Embassy Land gia ca ty dollars. Nam 1945 trung binh moi nguoi Nhat kiem duoc moi nam khoang 1,500 do it hon dan India. Trong nam 1894s nhung nuoc Tay Phuong co colonies nen Nhat cung muon co Colonies vi the Nhat chiem Taiwan va Korea.

Tu nam 794 den 1185 Nhat song trong Heian period luc bay gio Court culture caitri nuoc Nhat. Den 1185 toi 1333 thi Shogunbnate thanh lap o thanh pho Kamakura. Khi di power from Emperor duoc giao cho Shogun. Luc bay gio Mongolia xam lang Nhat. Den 1333 toi 1573 Shogun o ASikaga bat dau hung manh va caitri Nhat. Capital cua Nhat dau tien o Nara. 12,000 den 400 truoc thien chua Nhat lam ve do gomn. Tu 440 la tho cua Yayol va Nhat chap nhan trong lua nhu o Korea. Den 400 nam sau thien chua Nhat chap nhan anh huong van hoa cua Tau,


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