Background: The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world, dates back at least 5,000 years. Aryan tribes from the northwest invaded about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. Arab incursions starting in the 8th century and Turkish in the 12th were followed by those of European traders, beginning in the late 15th century. By the 19th century, Britain had assumed political control of virtually all Indian lands. Indian armed forces in the British army played a vital role in both World Wars. Nonviolent resistance to British colonialism led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU brought independence in 1947. The subcontinent was divided into the secular state of India and the smaller Muslim state of Pakistan. A third war between the two countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. Despite impressive gains in economic investment and output, India faces pressing problems such as the ongoing dispute with Pakistan over Kashmir, massive overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and ethnic and religious strife.
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Latest Blogs from Khardung La
- August 3rd 2012 Ladakh diaries (Bicycle trip; Khardung La - Leh)
by Words: 582 Photos: 2
- March 5th 2012 Vipassana
by Words: 172 Photos: 0
- June 7th 2011 Day 13 - Khardung La (Khardungla Pass)
by Words: 179 Photos: 0
- June 3rd 2011 Himalayan Odessey
by Words: 9 Photos: 48
- January 20th 2011 Mesmerizing Ladakh
by Words: 54 Photos: 2
- July 13th 2010 Big Day!!
by Words: 374 Photos: 0
- September 10th 2006 Trekking, biking and stomach problems!
by Words: 130 Photos: 0