Background: Speculation over the existence of a "southern land" was not confirmed until the early 1820s when British and American commercial operators and British and Russian national expeditions began exploring the Antarctic Peninsula region and other areas south of the Antarctic Circle. Not until 1840 was it established that Antarctica was indeed a continent and not just a group of islands. Several exploration "firsts" were achieved in the early 20th century. Following World War II, there was an upsurge in scientific research on the continent. A number of countries have set up year-round research stations on Antarctica. Seven have made territorial claims, but not all countries recognize these claims. In order to form a legal framework for the activities of nations on the continent, an Antarctic Treaty was negotiated that neither denies nor gives recognition to existing territorial claims; signed in 1959, it entered into force in 1961.
Photos from McMurdo Station
Blogs from McMurdo Station
Latest Blogs from McMurdo Station
- November 4th 2013 Antarctia 2012 - 2013 Season
by Words: 58 Photos: 54
- December 24th 2012 Antarctica 2011 – 2012 Season
by Words: 45 Photos: 28
- November 10th 2011 My year (and then some) on the Ice comes to a close....
by Words: 169 Photos: 32
- August 10th 2011 Winter on the Ice -March to August 2011
by Words: 375 Photos: 17
- March 29th 2011 Penguins Penguins Penguins..and a couple Seals!
by Words: 163 Photos: 55
- March 10th 2011 The Ice has Gone Out!
by Words: 506 Photos: 29
- February 23rd 2011 Antarctica Science-Everything you ever wanted to know.
by Words: 251 Photos: 0
- November 7th 2010 Sea Ice School
by Words: 176 Photos: 11
- November 2nd 2010 Halloween in Antarctica
by Words: 26 Photos: 4
- October 28th 2010 Snow School
by Words: 776 Photos: 0
- October 18th 2010 Life Goes On
by Words: 337 Photos: 4
- October 16th 2010 On to Antarctica...
by Words: 124 Photos: 9
- October 14th 2010 Field Training
by Words: 394 Photos: 3
- October 9th 2010 The Ice
by Words: 606 Photos: 4
- July 8th 2010 Antarctica 2009 - 2010 Season
by Words: 38 Photos: 84
- July 17th 2009 Antarctica: 2008 - 2009 Season
by Words: 127 Photos: 68
- January 24th 2009 Saturday Night is Party Night
by Words: 578 Photos: 15
- January 21st 2009 Quick Fix
by Words: 198 Photos: 0
- January 20th 2009 Stall Wall: Volume II
by Words: 5 Photos: 6
- January 20th 2009 Nothin' Doin'
by Words: 69 Photos: 8