Ephesus


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Middle East » Turkey » Aegean » Ephesus
April 30th 2012
Published: June 24th 2012EDIT THIS ENTRY

Selcuk, located approximately 100 km south of Izmir, makes an ideal base to explore some of the most famous Greek-Roman cities and temples in the Aegean. The town itself is home to the ruins of the 6th century basilica of St. John the Apostle, which, some claim, is built on the site of the Apostle's tomb. Another historical building in Selcuk is the Grand Fortress.

The ancient city of Ephesus is literally just down the road from Selcuk town centre and can be reached by taxi or even on foot. If you choose to opt for the latter you will walk past the (rather sad) remains of the Artemis temple, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

Selcuk also makes a good base to tour three other fascinating archaeological sites as part of a comfortable day tour: Priene, Miletus and Didyma. If you're interested ask around in Selcuk for the so-called "PMD" tour which is available at many places, including the friendly Homeros Pension where I stayed.

Ephesus
One of the greatest of the ancient Greek cities, wealthy Ephesus was the leading seaport of the region. During the Roman period in the first century BC Ephesus had
Castle, SelcukCastle, SelcukCastle, Selcuk

The impressive fortress of Selcuk on Ayasoluk hill
a population of some 250,000 people.

Priene
Priene is set dramatically at the foot of a sheer mountain wall. In ancient times, it was an important harbour city on the Agean coast. One of the main sights is the Temple of Athena Polias which was built in 334 BC as a gift from Alexander the Great.

Miletus
These ancient ruins lie on a hill, also near the Aegean Sea. The impressive theatre was built around the 4th century BC and could accommodate some 15,000 spectators. The large site is dotted with many other sights, including the Bath of Faustina, named after the wife of Marcus Aurelius, who ordered their construction.

Didyma
In antiquity, Didyma was connected to Miletus by a sacred road. All that remains from antiquity are the ruins of the Temple of Apollo, one of the largest temples from the Hellenistic Period.


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Hercules Gate, EphesusHercules Gate, Ephesus
Hercules Gate, Ephesus

Located near present-day Selcuk, Ephesus had a population of more than 250,000 during the Roman period in the 1st century BC
Temple of Hadrian, EphesusTemple of Hadrian, Ephesus
Temple of Hadrian, Ephesus

This beautiful temple dates from the 2nd century and has been re-erected from surviving architectural fragments
Temple of Hadrian, EphesusTemple of Hadrian, Ephesus
Temple of Hadrian, Ephesus

The reliefs in the upper sections are copies but the originals can be seen in the nearby Ephesus Archaeological Museum in Selcuk
Curetes Street, EphesusCuretes Street, Ephesus
Curetes Street, Ephesus

In ancient times shops, fountains and statues lined this important main street
Terrace houses, EphesusTerrace houses, Ephesus
Terrace houses, Ephesus

The floor mosaics and wall frescos have only been uncovered in recent years.
Terrace houses, EphesusTerrace houses, Ephesus
Terrace houses, Ephesus

The terrace houses provide a very interesting insight in family life during the Roman period. You will have to pay an extra fee to get in but it is worth it.
Gate of Mazeus and Mythridates, EphesusGate of Mazeus and Mythridates, Ephesus
Gate of Mazeus and Mythridates, Ephesus

The gate was built in AD 40 by slaves Mazeus and Mythridates for their emperor Augustus who gave them their freedom
Latrine, EphesusLatrine, Ephesus
Latrine, Ephesus

The public toilets of Ephesus were built in the first century AD
Theatre, EphesusTheatre, Ephesus
Theatre, Ephesus

First constructed in the Hellenistic Period the theatre was enlarged during the Roman Period to the extent that can be seen today.
Theatre, EphesosTheatre, Ephesos
Theatre, Ephesos

It is the one of the largest Greek-Roman theatres in Turkey and has a capacity of 25,000 seats
Celsus Library, EphesosCelsus Library, Ephesos
Celsus Library, Ephesos

The front facade was rebuilt during the 1970's and now serves as a prime example of Roman public architecture


24th June 2012

I missed the PMD
Only visited the Library etc in Ephesus and Mary's House but not the PMD. Missed those!
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