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Published: July 21st 2021
Ushuaia - The site was first settled by Wasti H. Stirling, an English missionary, in 1870. In 1884 an Argentine naval base was established, and in 1893, after the archipelago was partitioned between Argentina & Chile Ushuaia was declared a city.
Ushuaia has the distinction of being the southernmost city in the world.
Convicts were transferred from Isla de los Estados to Ushuaia in 1906 to build this national prison, finished in 1920. The depressing cells, designed for 380 inmates, held up to 800 before the prison closed in 1947. Famous prisoners include author Ricardo Rojas and anarchist Simón Radowitzky.
The anarchist Simon Radowitzky spent 21 years in the prison, many of those years in solitary confinement.
He was involved in an escape attempt wearing a prison guards uniform with the help of a well known pirate and smuggler.
Radowitzky was captured 23 days after he had escaped just a few km away from Punta Arenas.
He was pardoned by the president in 1930, but was forced to leave Argentina.
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