Jamestown, Virginia - United States of America


Advertisement
United States' flag
North America » United States » Virginia » Jamestown
September 25th 2005
Published: January 11th 2007
Edit Blog Post

[youtube=KwnBPhalFgU]
JamestownJamestownJamestown

Jamestown, Virginia - United States of America

Sep 25, 2005









*City official name :Jamestown
*Founded date :
*Location :Virginia State
*Elavation :? ft (? m)
*Area :Approximately ? square miles (? km²).
*Facts :Jamestown, or Jamestown Island, was founded in 1607 on the James River in what is currently James City County, Virginia, about 40 miles (62 kilometers) inland from the Atlantic Ocean and the entrance to the Chesapeake Bay and about 45 miles (70 kilometers) downstream and southeast of Richmond, Virginia. Both the James River and the old settlement were named for King James I of England, who granted the private proprietorship to the competing Virginia Companies of London and Plymouth. The Virginia Company of London's enterprise, the Virginia Colony, which was first established at Jamestown, was the first permanent English colony in what is now the United States to survive.

The success of the Jamestown Settlement followed the failure of 18 earlier attempts including the Lost Colony of Roanoke Island to the south in what is now North Carolina. Jamestown is second only to St. Augustine, Florida as the oldest continuously occupied European settlement in the present-day United States, the latter having been founded 42 years earlier (1565)
JamestownJamestownJamestown

Jamestown, Virginia - United States of America
by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés of Spain. Santa Fe, New Mexico was also founded in 1607. After also suffering earlier failures, the successor to the Virginia Company of Plymouth successfully established settlements in Massachusetts and other parts of what became New England in 1620.

The location for Jamestown was selected primarily because it offered a deep water port adjacent to the land for a fort, important for a defensive position against other European forces which might approach by water. However, the swampy and isolated site was plagued by mosquitoes, brackish tidal river water unsuitable for drinking, and offered limited space for major expansion. Perhaps the best thing about it was that it was not inhabited by members of the Powhatan Confederacy, which was composed of the principal Algonquian-speaking Native American tribes that lived near Jamestown.

Starvation, hostile relations with the Powhatans, and lack of profitable exports all threatened the survival of Jamestown and the surrounding colony in the early years as the settlers and the Virginia Company of London each struggled. A low point was reached over the winter of 1609-10, and the following summer, the settlement was almost abandoned. However, one of the new arrivals of 1610,
JamestownJamestownJamestown

Jamestown, Virginia - United States of America
colonist John Rolfe, introduced and cultivated a sweeter strain of tobacco than the native variety, and it was successfully exported in 1612. Soon, the financial outlook for the colony became more favorable. Important changes by the Company's owners in London which became effective in 1619 attracted additional investments for the proprietary company, also sowing the first seeds of democracy in the process with a locally-elected body which became the House of Burgesses. However, the King was reluctant to lose either power or future financial potential. In 1624, the company lost its charter and Virginia became a royal colony.

Throughout the 17th century, Jamestown was the capital of the Virginia Colony. To many, the names were synonymous. Gradually, other less important points emerged along the James River as the colony grew. Since the economy was primarily agricultural, in the early period, other than Jamestown, most developments were large plantations rather than traditional towns, usually located near the waterways such as the James River, and many had their own wharfs. However, by 1619, the newly-formed House of Burgesses ordered that each county establish a principal town which would have warehouses for both imports and exports, and some concentrated housing. Much future
JamestownJamestownJamestown

Jamestown, Virginia - United States of America
growth would pass Jamestown by.

Several times during contingencies, such as fires and Bacon's Rebellion in 1674, the seat of government for the colony was shifted temporarily to nearby Middle Plantation, a fortified location on the high ridge approximately equidistant from the James and York Rivers on the Virginia Peninsula. When the Colony was finally granted a long-desired charter for a college in 1693, Middle Plantation was chosen as the site of the new College of William and Mary, named for the British king and queen who granted the royal charter. After another accidental state house fire at Jamestown in 1698, the capital of the Colony was permanently relocated to Middle Plantation in 1699. The new capital town was soon renamed Williamsburg, in honor of the current British king, William III.

After the capital was relocated, Jamestown began a gradual loss of prominence and eventually reverted to a few large farms. It again became a significant point for control of the James River during the American Civil War (1861-1865), and then slid back into seeming oblivion until the early 20th century.

Renewed interest in the historical aspects began around 1907 with the 300th anniversary of the founding
JamestownJamestownJamestown

Jamestown, Virginia - United States of America
of Jamestown. However, the general area of Jamestown itself was not very accessible in the day of rail travel before automobiles were common. Thus, the 1907 Jamestown Exposition was held about 30 miles downstream in Norfolk County, near the mouth of the James River at Sewell's Point on Hampton Roads, a site accessible by both long-distance passenger railroads and local streetcar service, with considerable frontage on the harbor of Hampton Roads, which proved ideal for the naval delegations which came from points all around the world. The Exposition site later formed the first portion of the large U.S. Naval Station Norfolk in 1918 during World War I.

However, 50 years later, conditions had changed and the 350th anniversary celebration was held at Jamestown itself in 1957. Although erosion had cut off the land bridge between Jamestown Island and the mainland, the isthmus was restored and new access provided by the completion of the Colonial Parkway which led to Williamsburg and Yorktown, the other two portions of the Historic Triangle. Other major projects such as the Jamestown Festival Park were developed by non-profit, state and federal agencies, as well as improvements of state highways. Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain
JamestownJamestownJamestown

Jamestown, Virginia - United States of America
and Prince Phillip attended. The 1957 event was considered a great success, and tourism became continuous.

While Jamestown has been the site of several continuing historical attractions since at least 1957, recent archaeological work and discoveries have generated a great deal of new interest. In preparation for the upcoming Jamestown 2007 event commemorating America's 400th Anniversary, new accommodations, transportation facilities and attractions were planned, and the celebration began in the Spring of 2006 with the sailing of the replica Godspeed to six major East Coast cities, where several hundred thousand people viewed it. Major corporate sponsors of Jamestown 2007 include Norfolk Southern Corporation and Anheuser-Busch.

The two major attractions at Jamestown are separate, but complementary to each other. The state-sponsored Jamestown Settlement near the entrance to Jamestown Island includes a recreated English Fort and Native American Village, as well as extensive indoor and outdoor displays featuring three popular replica ships. On Jamestown Island itself, the National Park Service operates Historic Jamestowne. Over a million artifacts have been recovered from the ongoing archaeological work, including a number of exciting recent discoveries. Several monuments and a loop road around the island are also popular attractions. The Colonial Parkway provides access
JamestownJamestownJamestown

Jamestown, Virginia - United States of America
directly to these, as well as State Route 31, which extends to nearby Williamsburg, as well as crossing the free Jamestown Ferry to areas south of the James River.



Additional photos below
Photos: 8, Displayed: 8


Advertisement

JamestownJamestown
Jamestown

Jamestown, Virginia - United States of America


Tot: 1.588s; Tpl: 0.05s; cc: 20; qc: 102; dbt: 0.0599s; 1; m:saturn w:www (104.131.125.221); sld: 1; ; mem: 1.6mb