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Published: February 8th 2021
The old fortress was built in 1468, presumably on plans to which Filippo Brunelleschi also collaborated.
On the banks of the Arno in the sixteenth century the Florentines built a defensive stronghold, the New Fortress. The construction commissioned by Florence and entrusted to Antonio and then Giuliano da San Gallo developed as an extension of the first fortified nucleus built in 1468.
The fortress ended its use for military purposes from the seventeenth century. It was finally sold by the Lorena family to a Livorno shipowner, Domenico Scotto at the end of 1700. The Livorno family Scottò built a covered corridor for walks, starting its transformation into gardens.
The public garden was built in the nineteenth century inside the New Citadel. Today it is a big park.
■Scotto family, Domenico Scotto, Livorno
■Wars between Pisa and Florence
■1450s to 1480s
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