As a traditional residence of Miao and Tujia ethnic groups, the hanging foot tower is regarded as an ancient building in southwest China. Due to the humid climate in the southwest, stilted buildings have possessed a lot of advantages. It is high on the ground with ventilation and dry, which can prevent snakes, beasts. You can put things under the floor. Additionally, the housetop is covered by green tile and can have the effect that prevents rain, windbreak and sunshade.
A tile, usually made of clay with arch, flat, or half cylindrical shapes, which can be used for building houses. The colors are usually in brick red or gray. Picking up the tile, that is, cleaning up the old cracked tile, and then adding the new one and adding tile surface in case of rain leakage.
However, with the wind and rain as well as the sun and rain, some tiled ditches are blocked by branches, leaves, dust and weeds. Some tiles will move or broken, causing a gap between tiles. Besides, the phenomenon of leakage of rain will occur to the roof. At this time, the roof tiles need to be repaired and replaced. As a
result, the old business of picking up tiles is derived.
A master who picks up tiles is called a mason. Zhang changlu is a bricklayer, who is 67 years old this year. Three generations of his family are bricklayers. "I learned to pick up tiles from my father in 1976." He says. Initially, the daily wage for picking up tiles was more than ten yuan. At present, he can earn a daily income of 150 yuan.
Currently, although an increasing number of concrete houses have gradually replaced stilted buildings and blue tile-roofed houses, numerous traditional villages and stockades in Pengshui still have such kind of old building. People usually pick up the roof tiles before the rainy season so as to prevent water leakage and protect the houses.
Picking up tiles is very hard-working. People can only work by squatting on the roof of the wooden beams and rafters. In the meanwhile, picking up the tile is also a kind of meticulous work. Picking out the tiles is the major part of this industry. Only if selecting the right tile, it can be guaranteed that the restored roof does not leak rain and
protect the house. Although this work looks simply, it is not easy. It requires getting up the roof without the shoes. People need to be slow, and can not put their foot on the tiles. Additionally, they must stand in the rafter corner. You should be careful and talented at observation. The tiles you picked up must withstand the test of wind and rain. As said by Zhang changlu says, the overlapping part of the two tiles must be approximately 1 inch, otherwise it will leak. At the same time, please pay close attention to whether there are sand holes and cracks in the tiles. If there are cracks, please take place of them. For the building, the tiles should be within three years in accordance with the actual situation.
Along with the development of social economy, the tile-roofed houses in rural areas have gradually been replaced by single-story houses. The bricklayer which was inseparable from every family has gradually disappeared in the streets and alleys. Looking far away from the city, there are few people. Only vaguely tiled houses still bear the wind and rain, bearing the vicissitudes of life as well as the inheritance of our memory. Currently, there are less and less bricklayers like Zhangchanglu. As an old folk craft, picking up tiles has become a homesickness in people's hearts.
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