Madagascar 1-2016


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Africa » Madagascar » Antsiranana
February 7th 2016
Published: July 4th 2016
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Madagascar



1-16,17-16 Madagascar 65F,

Thu do cua Madagascar la Antanarivo. Gom giong nguoi Merina, Betsimisaraka. Noi tieng Malagasy. La giong nguoi den tu southeast Asia va East Phi chau.Rong 587,041 km, Gan gap 2 Vietnam nhung dan so it hon la 22 trieu dan. Dan song thua thot 35nguoi/km, gan bang 1/9 Vietnam. Trung binh moi nguoi kiem 1,400/nam nhu Vietnam. La hon dao lon thu tu nhat the gioi. 90% wildlife o day khong tim thay noi nao khac. Nguoi o day la giong nguoi Malagase den tu Borneo vao the ky 350BC den 550 AD. Ke tiep la nguoi Arabs, Indian va Chinese. Madagascar thuoc African Union. Tuy nhien vi tinh hinh chanh tri xao tron o day nam 2009 nen Union dang duoc xet lai tinh trang hoi vien cua African Union cua nuoc nay. Vua dau tien cua nuoc nay la Andriampoinimerina (18 aiphabets). Tong thong hien tai cua nuoc nay la Hery Rajaonarimampianina (19 Alpabets). Phap chiem dong dao nay nam 1897 de roi kingdom cua Madagascar sup do thay bang su thong tri cua thuc dan Phap , sau do den nam 1960 duoc doc lap va duoc thanh lap Tong Thong che thay vi Kingdom nhu xua. Malagasy va tieng Phap la ngon ngu chanh tai day. Co it nhat la 8 dan toc thieu so song tai day. Madagascar co 6 regions va 11cities de tao thanh nuoc Madagascar.

Co it nhat 8 chung toc song tai nuoc nay ma chung toc dong dan nhat la Merina. Mac dau the 98% dan o day noi tieng Magagasy. Do dieu doc dao cua nuoc nay. Da so nguoi dan noi duoc tieng Phap.

Avenue of the Baobabs o Morondava o phia tay nuoc Madagascar va cach Tamatave khoang 300km. Noi day la mot trong nhung noi du khach vieng tham nhieu nhat. Co cay song hon 800 nam va cao tren 30m.

Madagascar bi isolated voi tat ca cac continents khac nen nuoc nay co dac thu rieng biet ve thu vat va cay co ma tat ca cac nuoc khac khong bao gio co. Phia Tay cua Madagascar mua it hon phia dong vi phai dong gio nhieu nen mang nhieu mua de roi tao nen nhieu rainforest 90% cua tat ca plants o day gom, 14,800 plants, 860 hoa lan tim thay o day ma khong co noi nao tren the gioi. Vi tinh cach dac biet thu vi co vung dat nay: co nhieu loai thu va cay kien chi co tai day ,ma khong co noi nao khac tren the gioi nen cac nha khoa hoc goi Madagascar la luc dia thu 8 tren trai dat. Vi co nguoi va chanm den thien nhien nen 1/3 cay co o day bien mat so voi thoi so khai cach day 2000 nam. 90% cua rain forest luc ban dau bi bien mat. Thu dac biet o day la Lemurs duoc coi la endangered. O day khong tim thay o noi nao khac tren the gioi loai thu rung tailed lemur .





Bamboo Lemur chi an Bamboo ma Bamboo co Cyanite nguy hiem den tanh mang cua cac loai thu khac nhung tot voi Bamboo Lemur.

Co nhieu loai lemurs o nuoc nay ma khong noi nao co do la: Sifaka, Catta,Microcebus…Lemurs co nghia la “Spirits of the dead peoples”.







Loai meo nay goi la Fossa chi co tai Madagascar.



Chameleon chi co tai Madagascar. 2/3 ran moi nhu vay chi co tai day.



Traveler’s palm la cay doc nhat chi co tai day. Tieng dia Phuong la Ravenala madagascariensis. Cay nay co the chua nuoc o gan than cay duoc coi nhu la nuoc dung cho du khach uong khi di tham vieng khat nuoc nen duoc goi la Traveller’s palm. Cay nay duoc dung trong con dau bieu tuong quoc gia va trong hang may bay Air Madagascar.







Theo chuong trinh thi du thuyen se den Nosy Be cua Madagascar ngay 1-16-2016. Nosy Be la hon dao rieng biet nam ngaoi khoi cua dao Madagascar va cach Madagascar khoang 2km. Nosy Be co nghia la dao lon trong tieng Creobe. Nosy co nghia la island, Be co nghia la lon.O day co 2 islands nhu la 2 atolls duoc conneted bang strip cua coral sand dai 2km va du khach co the dib o tren sand nay de den tu dao nay qua dao kia. O( day6 co the Ankanara reserve ma duoc Unesco cong nhan la di san the gioi.Co nhieu Atoll vung Nosy Be.

Tuy nhien vi thoi tiet xau voi gio thoi manh len den 24knots/gio nen Captain huy bo viec cap ben Nosy Be ma chi den tram ke tiep cung o Madagascar la Antsiranana hay duoc goi la Diego Suarez. 2 nha kham hiem nguoi Portuguese tren la Diego va Suarez da kham pha ra vinh nay vao the ky thu 16. La vinh lon thu 3 the gioi va dep thu 3 the gioi sau Seyney cua Uc va Rio DeJaneiro cua Brazil . Co 80,000 dan song tai day. O day co Red Tsingy. 2hrs lai xe tu port. La da mau do nhu ong cua dan organ va cung giong nhu phong canh tren mat trang va duoc cong nhan boi Unesco. Amber National park ten la gan Amber Mountain co nhieu chim rat dep. Dong thoi co loai rua ten la Galileo , song tren 100 nam va nangn tren 200kg.



Du thuyen den Madagascar luc 8AM. Toi di xuong thuyen khoang 8:15Am va tim duoc 4 nguoi khac cung di taxi voi toi va Thy, 2 cap vo chong nguoi Anh va nguoi Holland. Tai xe taxi dua chung toi den Tsingy. Tu thanh pho Diego den Tsingy mat 2Hr30 tren doan duong di 60km.Duong di rat it xe va con duong rat nguy hiem vi rat nhieu o ga va chat hep.Nua doan duong la duong dat. Neu troi mua thi di rat nguy nhiem. Den noi moi nguoi phai bo ra $5 de vao cua. Di bo khoang 10’ thi den noi . truoc mat toi la canh dat da do voi vach da xung xung ma duoi long thung lung la nhung spikes nhon nhap nho tao nen mot khung canh thien nhien khac thuong. Chinh vi su unique nay ma duoc Unesco cong nhan la tai san the gioi. Chung toi o day khoang 1/2hr roi tre ve Diego va den Diego luc 2:30Pm. Con som nen toi loi bo den thanh pho nho be nay nam tren cuc bac cau dao Madagascar. O day chi co con duong chanh voi nhung hang quan va do ky neim ban cho du khach. Do o day ho ban rat re vi la nuoc ngheo song nho vao du khach va nong pham. Toi mua rat nhieu do ky niem o day de giup ho. Den 5Pm toi nloi bo ve tau de sang hom sau toi co hen truoc cung tai xe va vo chong nguoi Anh di den nui Ember Mountain va xion cay rung o day co cay noi tieng la Baobabs chi co o day.

1-17-2016

Sang nay toi se di tham Amber National Park. Amber National park rong 18,200 Hectares duoc thanh lap nam 1958, la Natioanal park lon nhat nuoc Madagascar. Noi day se co rat nhieu thu ten Lemurs va 80% loai cay tai day cho co o Madagascar ma khong co noi nao khac.

Toio thuc day som di boi o bien ben canh du thuyen roi 8Am toi dir a khoi tau de gap vo chong nguoi Anh ten Tony va Sally nhu da hen hom qua khi toi di Tsingy voi ho. Toi di tham Amber national Park va dem xem Baobab trees voi gia la 160 Euro. Tu port o Deigo den Amber National park khoang 30km, di mat 2 tieng vi duong nho hep va nhieu o ga nen chay nganh khong duoc. Hom qua cung nhu hom nay taxi dung 4 wheeled drive moi di duoc. Toi den park khoang 10:30am. Ve vao park la 50,000 Malagasy Ariary ($US1=3,493 Ariary ), toi phai tra 10 Euro/ea for tour guide. Nguoi tour guide cung di voi chung toi vao rung. Chung toi di den bai dau xe trong rung roi chung toi di voi tour guide ca tai xe taxi di den diem hen khac de pick up chung ytoi khi chung toi di den do. Nguoi ranger hay tour guide dan chung toi div a cac nghia cho chung toi nhung cay rung: toi thay cay ca chau rung, Monkey Purzel, nhieu hoa lan la . O Madagascar co khoang 100 loai hoa lan ma khong co o bat cu noi nao tren the gioi. Chung toi thay nhieu con Chameleons nhieu loai khac nhau va chi co o day khong co bat cu noi nao tren the gioi. Khi hau rat am uoc trong rainforest nayvi the rat nhieu muoi bu quanh chung toi. Toi rat thich thu di tren doan run g nay vi rat la va nhieu cay, thu ma toi chua tung thay. Toi thay co con Chameleon rat nho bang ¼ chiua dua an. Chung toi tim khong thay con Lemur ma chi co tai Madagascar. Toi co hoi nhieu nguoi di tour khac cung khong thay Lemur nhu toi. Toi khong biet tai sao. Sao do tai xe cho chung toi den xem cay Baobab rat lon ma khoang 10 nguoi moi om het goc cay ma cvhieu cao cay nay khoang 20m. Loai cay nay chi co o Madagascar. O vung gan Morondava, gan bo bien mien Tay nuoc Madagascar, cach Tamatave khoang 300km. Gan day cung co Tsingy Bermahara duoc Unesco cong nhan la tai san the gioi.

Sau khi xem xong cay Baobab chung toi tro lai du thuyen luc 3Pm. 6Pm thuyen moi roi ben de di Tamatave, Madagascar nen toi loi bo xuong pho lan nua de mua vai mon do ky niem. Dat nuoc nay ngheo nan qua , an xin day duong nhu toi da gap o Ethopia. Toi hoi tiec muoi la toi chua giup duoc gi cho ho.

Toi tro lai du thuyen va an toi. Sau do luc 10:30Pm toi tham du boi thi dua da vu quoc te giua ca du khach quoc te. Du thuyen nay co 1800 nguoi, 80% la nguoi Phap, 10 la nguoi Duc, phan con lai la nguoi Canada, nguoi Anh, nguoi Uc, nguoi Do Thai, nguoi Thuy sy, nguoi My, 2 nguoi Viet Nam…Toi va Thy duoc chon ra de thi dau voi cap vo chong nguoi Y va cap vo chong nguoi Phap. Khi ghe danh ban to chuc hoi chung toi tu dau den, toi tra loi la tu VIETNAM. Ho ngac nhien lam vi chung toi den tu mot nuoc rat xa xoi de di du hanh tai xu Phi Chau. Trong phan gio thieu ban to chuc gioi thieu chung toi den tu Vietnam, toi vua mung vua lo ngai, mung vi ho nhac den Viet Nam, lo la vi dem chuong di danh xu nguoi, lo so chuong bi be. Cuoc thi bat thi sinh phai nhat 3 dieu: Valse, Cha Cha Cha va Tango. Tango va Cha Cha Cha la dieu nhay ruot cua toi, con Valse thi toi mu tit, nen bang khoan, nhat la Thy. Toi cu tran an Thy la cu nhay dai. Mung thay vo chong nguoi Y doat giai nhat , toi va Thy doat giai nhi va vo chong nguoi Phap doat giai 3.

Toi tham nghi dat nuoc Viet Nam voi 91 trieu nguoi, voi dien tich la 330km2, lon va dong dan hon nuoc Phap, Anh, Thuy Si…dan Viet Nam phai co mot vi the quan trong tren the gioi. Khong ke o duoi che do nao, Viet Nam tung danh bai Phap, tung danh bai My…bay gio tren san nhay Viet Nam da danh bai Phap, Anh, Thuy Si…thi nguoi Vietnam phai hanh dien vi the cua minh de tien xa hon nua de den tran chien cuoi cung la danh bai Tau nhu to tien ta da tung danh bai Tau may ngay nam truoc. Tau Cong dang tiem du moi cach de tieu diet dan Viet Nam, lam suy yeu dan Viet bang moi thu doat tu thuc an hoa hoc, ma tuy den tieu diet mua man Vietnam de tut u chiem hai dao roi den dat lien. Voi lich su oai hung dan Viet phai dung len bao ve gian san, bo coi nhu ong cha ta da lam. Trong giai doan hien tai cua dat nuoc:

Hay dung len ung ho Thu tuong Nguyen Tan Dung vi Nguyen Tan Dung theo My nho My giup Viet Nam de danh lai Tau. Neu Thu Tuong Nguyen Tan Dung khong theo MY de danh Tau cong ma ngoi an Fund cua dan Viet thi toan dan phai dung len tay nam tay lam Human Chain nhu dan Extonia, Lithannia, Lithia da lam vao nhung nam 1970 va da lat do duoc che do hung manh So Viet de dat nuoc ho duoc doc lap. Neu chanh quyen hien tai de dat nuoc nay vao tay Tau Cong, de dat nuoc Viet Nam la mot tinh le cua Tau Cong nhu o Tibet thi toan fdan hay theo Phuong phap cua dan Lithannia, Estonia va Lithia dung lent ay nam tay lam hang dai Human chain tu Ha Noi denDong Hoi, Tu Dong Hoi den Hue, tu Hue den Nha Trang, tu Nha Trang den Saigon. Mot Human chain dai hon 3000 km tu Bac tu Nam. Human cahin nay se lam sap do che do cong san neu che do cong san de dat nuoc Vietnam tro thanh tinh le cua Trong Cong.

1-18-2016 At Sea.

1-19-2016 Tamatave, Madagascar.

Tamatave con duoc goi la Toamasina theo tieng Creole o day. Tamatave nam ve phia dong cua dao Madagascar. Rong 20km2. Tamatave nghia la “like salt” hay bla “salty”. La Capital cuaa Atsinanana region. Tamatave la hang cang lon nhat cua Madagascar. Cach thu do Antamanarivo 215km phia dong tay cua thu do. Co 274,000 dan. O thu do Antananarivo co international airport tai day va du khach den dao Madagascar phai den airport nay. O day cung co Domestic airport. Hai cang nay la quan trong nhat cua Madagascar tiep nhan tau be den tu An do duong va the gioi. O day la doan cuoi cua canal des Pangalanes. Dan o day song chen chut tren hai canh nay voi 14,000 nguoi/km2

O Do Thai, thanh pho Holon co con duong ten Tamatave street khi Israel mo lien lac voi Madagascar khoang 1960. Nhung sau khi Zeevi bi am sat chet nam 2000 con duong nay duoc doi ten la Zeevi.

Tau den Tamatave tu Diego khoang 7AM va * gio ho cho moi nguoi xuong tau de di du ngoan. Toi xuong tau khoang 8am, duoc xe bus dua den tram gan pho. Tai day toi di tour cung cap vo chong nguoi Y. Nhu du dinh toi di se di den Channel ten Panganales nam canh thanh pho. Channel nay noi lien voi khu lang Ambodisaina . Toi duoc dua di tren thuyen may chay doc theo channel. Tren duoing di rat hung thu va la khi toi gap cac xuong nho cheo bang tay. Gap cac be lon lam bang tre duoc day di bang xao chong. Roi toi gap cac dan dia Phuong chay bat ca nhu o Vietnam. Hai ben bo song co cac ngoi nha nho ngheo nan. Dat nuoc nay dan chung rat ngheo kho la mot nuoc ngheo nhat ma toi da di qua. Khi toi den lang Ambodisaina, mot doan ca vu nhac troi len chao don chung toi rat ngoan muc. Tung dan tree m nho khoang 3,4 tuoi duoc cha me cho ngoi truoc duong chao don du khach voi de xin tien voi cai non de truoc mat. Toi o day khoang 1 tieng roi sau do toi di bang thuyen tro lai thanh pho Tamatave de tu do toi di den Ivoloina park, noi co nhieu loai Lemurs va Chameleons. Tren duong di day pot holes ma toi da tung thay khi o Diego port 2 ngay truoc. Phai mat 1 hr de di den day. Vao ben trong park toi thich thu khi thay rat nhieu Lemurs ma toi da khong thay va rat muon thay loai thu nay vi chi co o dao Madagascar ma thoi. Toi say me chup hinh nhung con Lemurs ma toi thay trong park nay. Loai tghu nay rat kho thay o ngoai wild vi nhut nhat va toi da hoi 4 nguoi di 4 tour khac nhat den Amber National park khi toi den do 2 ngay truoc va ho noi la ho khong thay con nay mac dau ho rang tim kiem.



Toi cung thay nhieu con Chameleons. Du mau nhu toi da thay o Amber national park. Chameleons co luoi that dai, va co the roll mat no moi huong cung thay doi color cua chung nhu de chong lai moi hiem nguy va de giao luu voi dong loai. Tai day toi cung thay loai tomato frog co mau do nhyu trai ca chua. Tat ca thu nay chi co tai Madagascar. Hon 1hr o day chung toi tro ve Tamatave va den day khoang 3pm . Chung toi ngung qua Bazaar de xem cua hang tai day. Do ky niem cung nhu janbg hoa tai day ban rat re, re hon o Viet Nam. Dan o day rat ngheo va ho co ban hang hoa gan nhu voi bat cu gia nao de song. Toi rat tiec la toi khong con tien dia Phuong cung nhu dollars de cho ho. Luc toi roi My toi quen mang theo tien dollars nen khi den Dubai toi phai dung Visa de cash advance ra dollars. Vi con thi gio nen toi ra tau mot lan nua de dinh tam bien o vung bien gan tau nhung security personal tai day khong cho noi rang co the co shark. Toi ben tro ve tau va 5:45pm tau roi ben cham dut nhung ngay tham vieng nuoc Madagascar ma toi rat thich vi o day dan chung ngheo nhung rat de thuong khong bon chen hay hasslenhu nhung vung da den o Caribbean. Va diem quan trong ma toi rat thich dao nay la canh thien nhien tai day voi rat nhieu thu rung va cay co khong tiem thay noi nao tren trai dat. Diem dac biet nua o dao Madagascar la trai cay nhiet oi o day rat ngon nhu mang cau dai, trai chom chom, mit, khe… rat re va rat ngon, ngon hon o Vietnam, re hon o Viet nam…Mot trai mang cau dai mot ky gia 50 cents, con chom chom gia$1/kg. Toi hua voi minh la toi se tro lai day nua. Den day rat dac vi it nguoi den do do ve may bay dac , khoang 1,800/ nguoi tu Los Angeles. Moi nam chi co khoang 180,000 du khach den day. Da so la dan An Chau. Trong chuyen du tghuyen nay cho co toi va Thy la nguoi My. Phang con lai hon 80% la nguoi Phap. Cho nen toi di dau tren thuyen dieu thay noi tieng Phap. Tam biet Madagascar. Hen ngay tro lai.

1-20-2016 At sea.

Toi bo nhieu thi gio de nghien cuu dao La Reunion ma toi muon den ngay mai.


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