Background: Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession in the name of Great Britain. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop its agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. It boasted one of the OECD's fastest growing economies during the 1990's, a performance due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980's. Long-term concerns include pollution, particularly depletion of the ozone layer, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef.
Photos from Black Rock
No Start a Travel Diary Free Travel Blog Site
Blogs from Black Rock
Latest Blogs from Black Rock
- June 30th 2012 And we're off...
by Words: 432 Photos: 4
- June 29th 2012 One more sleep
by Words: 164 Photos: 0
- June 17th 2012 Less than 2 weeks to go
by Words: 188 Photos: 5
- January 2nd 2012 Day before leaving.
by Words: 79 Photos: 0
- January 2nd 2012 Add a Comment
by Words: 65 Photos: 0
- April 30th 2011 Hello Melbourne
by Words: 470 Photos: 0
- February 26th 2010 Febuary/March and the job search
by Words: 632 Photos: 11
- January 14th 2008 Melbourne - My memorial service
by Words: 205 Photos: 3