Background: Lebanon has made progress toward rebuilding its political institutions since 1991 and the end of the devastating 15-year civil war. Under the Ta'if Accord - the blueprint for national reconciliation - the Lebanese have established a more equitable political system, particularly by giving Muslims a greater say in the political process while institutionalizing sectarian divisions in the government. Since the end of the war, the Lebanese have conducted several successful elections, most of the militias have been weakened or disbanded, and the Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) have extended central government authority over about two-thirds of the country. Hizballah, a radical Shia organization, retains its weapons. During Lebanon's civil war, the Arab League legitimized in the Ta'if Accord Syria's troop deployment, numbering about 16,000 based mainly east of Beirut and in the Bekaa Valley. Damascus justified its continued military presence in Lebanon by citing Beirut's requests and the failure of the Lebanese Government to implement all of the constitutional reforms in the Ta'if Accord. Israel's withdrawal from southern Lebanon in May 2000, however, encouraged some Lebanese groups to demand that Syria withdraw its forces as well. The passage of UNSCR 1559 in early October 2004 - a resolution calling for Syria to withdraw from Lebanon and end its interference in Lebanese affairs - further emboldened Lebanese groups opposed to Syria's presence in Lebanon. Syria finally withdrew the remainder of its forces from Lebanon in April of 2005.
Blogs from Tripoli
Latest Blogs from Tripoli
- December 15th 2011 It Smells So Good Here!
by Words: 704 Photos: 46
- October 19th 2010 TRIPOLI: NOT LIBYA BUT LEBANON
by Words: 852 Photos: 59
- May 18th 2010 Lebanon
by Words: 1267 Photos: 27
- May 2nd 2010 Byblos and Tripoli
by Words: 322 Photos: 0
- July 9th 2009 An Epicural Guide to the Middle East
by Words: 1294 Photos: 0
- July 9th 2009 Seafood, cemetary and citadel
by Words: 2020 Photos: 0
- July 4th 2008 The village
by Words: 54 Photos: 18
- October 17th 2007 Kids and Castles
by Words: 599 Photos: 21
- August 6th 2007 Lebanon - The Road Trip along the Coast...
by Words: 2102 Photos: 52
- January 19th 2005 Tripoli, Hiking, Partying and Baalbeck
by Words: 1973 Photos: 7