Background: Italy became a nation-state in 1861 when the city-states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor EMMANUEL II. An era of parliamentary government came to a close in the early 1920s when Benito MUSSOLINI established a Fascist dictatorship. His disastrous alliance with Nazi Germany led to Italy's defeat in World War II. A democratic republic replaced the monarchy in 1946 and economic revival followed. Italy was a charter member of NATO and the European Economic Community (EEC). It has been at the forefront of European economic and political unification, joining the Economic and Monetary Union in 1999. Persistent problems include illegal immigration, organized crime, corruption, high unemployment, sluggish economic growth, and the low incomes and technical standards of southern Italy compared with the prosperous north.
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Blogs from Mount Vesuvius
Latest Blogs from Mount Vesuvius
- May 25th 2011 From the underworld - Italy 4
by Words: 362 Photos: 2
- March 20th 2010 Napoli Day 3: Vesuvius
by Words: 607 Photos: 4
- September 23rd 2008 the best laid plans..............
by Words: 702 Photos: 9
- June 3rd 2008 Vesuvius and Pompeii
by Words: 408 Photos: 8
- May 23rd 2008 Napoli - Mount Vesuvio
by Words: 157 Photos: 12
- January 4th 2008 T'ere She Blows!
by Words: 801 Photos: 13