Background: Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991, was followed by a declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs - supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro - responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a "Greater Serbia." In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that brought to a halt three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995). The Dayton Agreement retained Bosnia and Herzegovina's international boundaries and created a joint multi-ethnic and democratic government. This national government was charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government comprised of two entities roughly equal in size: the Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS). The Federation and RS governments were charged with overseeing most government functions. The Office of the High Representative (OHR) was established to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. In 1995-96, a NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops served in Bosnia to implement and monitor the military aspects of the agreement. IFOR was succeeded by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR) whose mission was to deter renewed hostilities. European Union peacekeeping troops (EUFOR) replaced SFOR in December 2004; their mission was to maintain peace and stability throughout the country.
Photos from Sarajevo
Blogs from Sarajevo
Latest Blogs from Sarajevo
- May 13th 2013 A Day in Sarajevo
by Words: 1950 Photos: 15
- May 12th 2013 South to Bosnia & Herzegovina
by Words: 2000 Photos: 2
- May 7th 2013 The scars of war
by Words: 1913 Photos: 49
- September 11th 2012 Sarajevo: A Rose Surrounded by Thorns
by Words: 916 Photos: 28
- August 31st 2012 A Night at Kino Bosna or Why I Love Sarajevo
by Words: 1366 Photos: 118
- August 31st 2012 Bosnia and Herzegovina
by Words: 808 Photos: 17
- August 27th 2012 Some more pictures!
by Words: 50 Photos: 65
- June 25th 2012 Sarajevo-ho!
by Words: 830 Photos: 25
- June 20th 2012 Amsterdam, Greek Island Hopping, Belgrade and Sarajevo!
by Words: 1235 Photos: 8
- April 29th 2012 Enfin du soleil à Sarajevo (Phil)
by Words: 770 Photos: 15
- January 9th 2012 A tribute to the people of Sarajevo
by Words: 1012 Photos: 11
- January 9th 2012 Sarajevo
by Words: 181 Photos: 0
- September 3rd 2011 Sarajevo, from one edge to another, emerging from the dark years and reinventing itself
by Words: 1411 Photos: 34
- September 2nd 2011 Bosnian white water rafting, stunning!
by Words: 942 Photos: 22
- September 1st 2011 hey ho, CAPAJEBO
by Words: 656 Photos: 24
- July 26th 2011 To the tour guide who can't give up.
by Words: 283 Photos: 8
- June 27th 2011 Sarajevo - where history was made (think Franz Ferdinand)
by Words: 257 Photos: 20
- June 13th 2011 Europe trip 2010 - extended
by Words: 3526 Photos: 461
- June 12th 2011 Sarajevo and Mostar
by Words: 408 Photos: 20
- May 25th 2011 Seeing the Sights of Sarajevo
by Words: 579 Photos: 1