Background: The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world, dates back at least 5,000 years. Aryan tribes from the northwest invaded about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. Arab incursions starting in the 8th century and Turkish in the 12th were followed by those of European traders, beginning in the late 15th century. By the 19th century, Britain had assumed political control of virtually all Indian lands. Indian armed forces in the British army played a vital role in both World Wars. Nonviolent resistance to British colonialism led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU brought independence in 1947. The subcontinent was divided into the secular state of India and the smaller Muslim state of Pakistan. A third war between the two countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. Despite impressive gains in economic investment and output, India faces pressing problems such as the ongoing dispute with Pakistan over Kashmir, massive overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and ethnic and religious strife.
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Blogs from Madhogarh
Latest Blogs from Madhogarh
- December 19th 2011 The seige of Fort Madhogarh!
by Words: 930 Photos: 9
- January 7th 2011 "One rupee, one photo please"...
by Words: 289 Photos: 12
- October 11th 2008 Life in Rural Rajasthan
by Words: 543 Photos: 13
- October 7th 2008 DAY 24 - a night of dressing up and dancing while staying in a former fort
by Words: 635 Photos: 23
- October 6th 2007 Mount Abu
by Words: 408 Photos: 0
- May 5th 2007 I'm in...
by Words: 28 Photos: 0
- March 31st 2005 Living in a Fairytale
by Words: 547 Photos: 3