Background: Most Cambodians consider themselves to be Khmers, whose Angkor Empire extended over much of Southeast Asia and reached its zenith between the 10th and 13th centuries. Subsequently, attacks by the Thai and Cham (from present-day Vietnam) weakened the empire ushering in a long period of decline. In 1863, the king of Cambodia placed the country under French protection; it became part of French Indochina in 1887. Following Japanese occupation in World War II, Cambodia became independent within the French Union in 1949 and fully independent in 1953. After a five-year struggle, Communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh in April 1975 and ordered the evacuation of all cities and towns; at least 1.5 million Cambodians died from execution, enforced hardships, or starvation during the Khmer Rouge regime under POL POT. A December 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside, led to a 10-year Vietnamese occupation, and touched off almost 13 years of civil war. The 1991 Paris Peace Accords mandated democratic elections and a ceasefire, which was not fully respected by the Khmer Rouge. UN-sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some semblance of normalcy and the final elements of the Khmer Rouge surrendered in early 1999. Factional fighting in 1997 ended the first coalition government, but a second round of national elections in 1998 led to the formation of another coalition government and renewed political stability. The July 2003 elections were relatively peaceful, but it took one year of negotiations between contending political parties before a coalition government was formed. Nation-wide local elections are scheduled for 2007 and national elections for 2008.
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Latest Blogs from Sihanoukville
- April 14th 2013 Sihanoukville and Phnom Penh - The Good, The Bad and the Ugly!
by Words: 988 Photos: 12
- April 12th 2013 CAMBODIA, SINGAPORE, MALAYSIA AND THAILAND
by Words: 564 Photos: 26
- April 2nd 2013 Different style of diving , bumping into people again April 2012
by Words: 887 Photos: 9
- March 15th 2013 Koh Rong Samloem – das kleine Paradies an Kambodschas Südküste
by Words: 908 Photos: 17
- March 13th 2013 Sihanoukville
by Words: 387 Photos: 1
- March 12th 2013 Sihanouk ville, Cambodia's paradise
by Words: 816 Photos: 60
- March 8th 2013 It's only been two months!
by Words: 2203 Photos: 39
- March 4th 2013 Blog 20: Alles Rogger in Kambodscher?
by Words: 1835 Photos: 1
- February 21st 2013 Phnom Penh to Sihanoukville to Kampot
by Words: 986 Photos: 12
- February 20th 2013 Final few days in Vietnam and a run in with the Cambodian Police !!
by Words: 2153 Photos: 23
- February 15th 2013 blogs on hold
by Words: 55 Photos: 0
- February 9th 2013 The Cambodia Challenge: Otres Beach
by Words: 916 Photos: 10
- February 8th 2013 The Cambodia Challenge: Bus from Hell
by Words: 1152 Photos: 10
- February 8th 2013 Sihanoukville - parce qu'il faut bien prendre des vacances des fois... :)
by Words: 1305 Photos: 7
- January 30th 2013 Sunshine on our shoulders making us happy in Sihanoukville
by Words: 3119 Photos: 15
- December 29th 2012 Koh Rong: Seventh heaven or paradise not quite found?
by Words: 809 Photos: 5
- December 27th 2012 Christmas in Sihanoukville!
by Words: 641 Photos: 7
- December 25th 2012 Otres Beach: Old Friends and New Friends
by Words: 1263 Photos: 8
- December 20th 2012 Sihanoukville, Serendipity beach.
by Words: 165 Photos: 0
- December 13th 2012 Sihanoukville: 3 Days and 3 Reasons to Party
by Words: 1418 Photos: 0